Collaboration between neuropsychologists and speech-language pathologists in rehabilitation settings

Department of Behavioral Medicine, Brooks Rehabilitation Center, Jacksonville, FL 32216, USA.
The Journal of head trauma rehabilitation (Impact Factor: 2.92). 08/2008; 23(5):273-85. DOI: 10.1097/01.HTR.0000336840.76209.a1
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The purpose of this study was to understand the barriers and facilitators of communication and collaboration between speech-language pathologists (SLPs) and neuropsychologists (NPs) in rehabilitation settings.
Focus groups were held at 3 rehabilitation hospitals. Participants were a convenience sample and were considered representatives of acquired brain injury rehabilitation teams that include SLPs and NPs. There were a total of 28 SLPs and 10 NPs in the sample. The study used a semistructured interview guide for the focus group discussions, using questions centered on major areas known to be related to interdisciplinary collaboration. Written notes and audio recordings were analyzed for recurring and strongly stated themes.
Consistent themes emerged across focus groups, which included (1) structure of collaboration, (2) perceived roles of NPs and SLPs in assessment and intervention, (3) similarities and differences in training and philosophic perspectives, (4) barriers to successful collaboration, and (5) facilitators of collaboration.
The SLPs and NPs valued the contributions of both professions in the management of patients with acquired brain injuries. Effective collaboration appeared to be influenced by several factors and is discussed. It was evident that effective communication was a key and powerful element in successful collaboration.

1 Follower
48 Reads
  • Source
    • "However, these assessments do not always relate to the " real-world " functioning potential of patients as these tests may not have strong ecological validity (Gordon, 2011). Speech and language pathologists (SLP) also work closely with neuropsychologists who perform extensive cognitive testing of patients (Constantinidou, Wertheimer, Tsanadis, Evans, & Paul, 2012; Wertheimer et al., 2008). Many validated cognitive assessments are used throughout the course of TBI recovery (for a review on cognitive assessments for adult TBI, see Podell, Gifford, Bougakov, & Goldberg, 2010; Tate, Godbee, & Sigmundsdottir, 2013). "
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Nearly 1.7 million Americans sustain a traumatic brain injury (TBI) each year. These injuries can result in physical, emotional, and cognitive consequences. While many individuals receive cognitive rehabilitation from occupational therapists (OTs), the interdisciplinary nature of TBI research makes it difficult to remain up-to-date on relevant findings. We conducted a literature review to identify and summarize interdisciplinary evidence-based practice targeting cognitive rehabilitation for civilian adults with TBI. Our review summarizes TBI background, and our cognitive remediation section focuses on the findings from 37 recent (since 2006) empirical articles directly related to cognitive rehabilitation for individuals (i.e., excluding special populations such as veterans or athletes). This manuscript is offered as a tool for OTs engaged in cognitive rehabilitation and as a means to highlight arenas where more empirical, interdisciplinary research is needed.
    OTJR Occupation Participation Health 02/2015; 35(1):5-22. DOI:10.1177/1539449214561765 · 0.80 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The purpose of the current study was to determine perceptions of neuropsychologists (NPs) and speech-language pathologists (SLPs) regarding each other's roles in the rehabilitation setting, and to assess the type and extent of collaborations. Participants were 311 SLPs and 77 NPs working in a rehabilitation setting. Results indicated a great deal of overlap between the roles of SLPs and NPs. While there was much agreement about roles, misperceptions were evident with regard to some of the domains of assessment and treatment. A need for increased collaboration on planning assessments and treatment was evident. The results suggest the need for training of both disciplines in interdisciplinary collaboration and in roles of rehabilitation team members.
    The Clinical Neuropsychologist 09/2009; 23(7):1196-212. DOI:10.1080/13854040902845706 · 1.72 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This book forms part of a series entitled Promoting Partnership for Health publishedin association with the UK Centre for the Advancement of Interprofessional Education (CAIPE). The series explores partnership for health from policy, practice and educational perspectives. Whilst strongly advocating the imperative driving collaboration in healthcare, it adopts a pragmatic approach. Far from accepting established ideas and approaches, the series alerts readers to the pitfalls and ways to avoid them. Interprofessional Teamwork for Health and Social Care is an invaluable guide for clinicians, academics, managers and policymakers who need to understand, implement and evaluate interprofessional teamwork. It will give them a fuller understanding of how teams function, of the issues relating to the evaluation of teamwork, and of approaches to creating and implementing interventions (e.g. team training, quality improvement initiatives) within health and social care settings. It will also raise awareness of the wide range of theories that can inform interprofessional teamwork. The book is divided into nine chapters. The first 'sets the scene' by outlining some common issues which underpin interprofessional teamwork, while the second discusses current teamwork developments around the globe. Chapter 3 explores a range of team concepts, and Chapter 4 offers a new framework for understanding interprofessional teamwork. The next three chapters discuss how a range of range of social science theories, interventions and evaluation approaches can be employed to advance this field. Chapter 8 presents a synthesis of research into teams the authors have undertaken in Canada, South Africa and the UK, while the final chapter draws together key threads and offers ideas for future of teamwork. The book also provides a range of resources for designing, implementing and evaluating interprofessional teamwork activities.
    09/2010; Blackwell-Wiley.
Show more