Epidemiological investigation of selected pigeon viral infections in Poland.
ABSTRACT Due to a lack of data in regard to the spread of viral infections in Polish pigeon populations, studies were undertaken to assess the frequency of adeno-, circo- and herpesvirus infections in flocks of pigeons across the entire country. In total, 107 flocks were examined, of which 61 per cent consisted of racing and 39 per cent of fancy pigeons. The flocks were divided into groups according to breed (racing and fancy pigeons) as well as physical condition (healthy and sick). In the studied pigeon flocks, the pigeon circovirus (PiCV) genetic material was the most frequently detected (44.5-100 per cent depending on the group), pigeon herpesvirus genetic material was second in frequency (0-30 per cent depending on the group), while genetic material of pigeon adenovirus was found only in two flocks of young birds with clinical symptoms of Young Pigeon Disease Syndrome (YPDS). The presence of fowl adenovirus (FAdV) genetic material was not detected in any of the studied flocks. Results obtained demonstrate a wide spread of circovirus in pigeon flocks in Poland, and substantiate earlier theories proposed by other authors, that immunosuppression evoked by PiCV infection is one of the main causative agents of YPDS.
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ABSTRACT: The occurrence of Columbid herpesvirus-1 (CoHV-1) in domestic pigeons presents a potential threat for their husbandry and trade. CoHV-1 causes Smadel disease among pigeons but may not be manifested by any clinical signs and complicates secondary infections. The material for our study originated from 42 domestic pigeons sent to private veterinary practice in Lublin, Poland between 2011 and 2013. Some of birds showed clinical signs similar to Smadel disease. The cytological examination also indicated on CoHV-1 infection. The incidence of CoHV-1 was tested in DNA extracted from liver of birds by loop-mediated isothermal amplification (LAMP). LAMP was used for the monitoring of CoHV-1 presence among pigeons in Poland. Our study showed LAMP was capable to detect CoHV-1 presence in 8 (19%) out of 42 examined birds without use of any advanced laboratory equipment. The results were confirmed by real-time PCR and virus isolation in chicken embryo fibroblasts. This is the first report on LAMP application for successful detection of CoHV-1 in domestic pigeons.This article is protected by copyright. All rights reserved.Letters in Applied Microbiology 08/2014; · 1.63 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pigeon circovirus (PiCV) is an immunosuppressive agent widespread throughout the world, which causes a disease in pigeons called Young Pigeon Disease Syndrome. The aim of the study was to evaluate the prevalence of PiCV in Poland and investigate the genetic diversity relative to other known PiCV isolates. Samples from 152 pigeon flocks (88 flocks of racing pigeons and 64 flocks of fancy pigeons) from various regions of Poland were tested by polymerase chain reaction and an approximately 326-base fragment of the capsid protein gene (Cap gene) of the virus was amplified. The average viral prevalence was found to be 70.3% (76.13% in racing pigeons and 62.5% in fancy pigeons). Among the obtained positive samples, 21 were selected for sequencing and a phylogenetic analysis was performed. It was found that the majority of Polish PiCV isolates, to varying degrees, are related to isolates occurring in Europe. It was also observed that the Cap gene is variable and mutations often occur in it, which impacts the amino acid sequences in the capsid protein (nucleotide similarity averaged 86.57%, amino acid similarity averaged 89.02%).Acta Veterinaria Hungarica 03/2014; · 1.17 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The present study investigated the drug-resistance to the selected antibiotics in Escherichia coli, Salmonella typhimurium and beta-haemolytic coagulase-positive staphylococci isolated from pigeons bred in Poland. In the case of E. coli, tetracyclines and amoxicillin were least effective. In the staphylococci, the highest resistance was detected for oxytetracycline and quinolones and 5% were resistant to methicillin. The lowest drug-resistance was reported for Salmonella typhimurium.Polish journal of veterinary sciences 01/2014; 17(1):169-71. · 0.57 Impact Factor