Nipple-sparing mastectomy--initial experience at a tertiary center.
ABSTRACT Nipple-sparing mastectomy (NSM) combines skin-sparing mastectomy with preservation of the nipple-areolar dermis and intraoperative pathologic assessment of the nipple core. We evaluated our initial experience with NSM in terms of clinical outcomes.
An Institutional Review Board-approved retrospective review of patients undergoing NSM between November 2005 and June 2007 was performed.
Eighteen NSM and two areola-sparing mastectomies were performed. Indications for surgery were invasive cancer (n = 4), ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) (n = 5), pseudoangiomatous stromal hyperplasia (n = 3), and risk reduction (n = 8). The average distance of tumor from the nipple on imaging was 4.8 cm (range 4 to 5.7). Nipple cores were all benign, and 2 patients developed self-limited superficial desquamation of the nipple. At a mean follow up of 10.8 months, all nipple-areolar complexes were intact, and there were no local or systemic recurrences.
NSM can be successfully achieved with low morbidity in appropriately selected patients.
Article: Oncologic safety of skin-sparing and nipple-sparing mastectomy: a discussion and review of the literature.[show abstract] [hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Breast conservation therapy has been the cornerstone of the surgical treatment of breast cancer for the last 20 years; however, recently, the use of mastectomy has been increasing. Mastectomy is one of the most frequently performed breast operations, and with novel surgical techniques, preservation of the skin envelope and/or the nipple-areolar complex is commonly performed. The goal of this paper is to review the literature on skin-sparing mastectomy and nipple-sparing mastectomy and to evaluate the oncologic safety of these techniques. In addition, this paper will discuss the oncologic importance of margin status and type of mastectomy as it pertains to risk of local recurrence and relative need for adjuvant therapy.International journal of surgical oncology. 01/2012; 2012:921821.