Validation of the Cutaneous Lupus Disease Area and Severity Index (CLASI) using physician- and patient-assessed health outcome measures

Section of Rheumatology, Department of Internal Medicine, Rush University Medical Center, Chicago, Illinois. Electronic address: .
Journal of the American Academy of Dermatology (Impact Factor: 4.45). 10/2012; 68(4). DOI: 10.1016/j.jaad.2012.08.035
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: The Cutaneous Lupus Disease Area and Severity Index (CLASI) has not been validated using rheumatologist-conducted disease activity and damage assessments, especially cutaneous assessments. Active skin disease and skin damage may have substantial effects on patient-reported outcomes and on body image. OBJECTIVE: We sought to validate the CLASI against: (1) physician-assessed disease activity and damage measures; and (2) patient-reported assessment of quality of life and body image. METHODS: Cross-sectional data were collected from 31 patients with cutaneous lupus erythematosus. Cutaneous disease activity and damage were measured by using the CLASI. Disease activity (using the Safety of Estrogens in Lupus Erythematosus National Assessment-Systemic Lupus Erythematosus [SLE] Disease Activity Index [SLEDAI}), damage (Systemic Lupus International Collaboration Clinics-American College of Rheumatology Damage Index [SDI]), quality of life (LupusPRO), and body image (Body Image Quality of Life Inventory) were obtained. Descriptive statistics and Spearman correlations were ascertained. RESULTS: Mean (SD) age was 42.3 (12.8) years; 97% were women. The mean (SD) CLASI activity and damage scores were 10.5 (7.4) and 9.9 (9.5). Correlations noted were: total CLASI activity and SLEDAI-rash (r = 0.42, P = .02), CLASI-mucosal and SLEDAI-mucosal (r = 0.65, P = .001), CLASI-recent hair loss and SLEDAI-alopecia (r = 0.61, P = .001), and total CLASI activity and LupusPRO symptoms domain (r = -0.38, P = .04). Total CLASI-damage correlated with SDI-scarring/alopecia (r = 0.51, P = .004), SDI-extensive scarring/panniculum (r = 0.55, P = .003), and SDI-skin ulceration (r = 0.36, P = .05). CLASI scalp scarring correlated with SDI-skin scarring/alopecia (r = 0.94, P = .001). CLASI activity on the face and nose was associated with significant concerns on the Body Image Quality of Life Inventory. LIMITATIONS: Limitations include small sample size. CONCLUSION: CLASI activity and damage scores correlate with physician-assessed cutaneous activity and damage in cutaneous lupus erythematosus in patients with SLE. Cutaneous activity in visible areas may generate body image concerns.

1 Follower
27 Reads
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Accurately measuring lupus disease activity has been a demanding and still unresolved task, considering the complex multisystem nature of the disease and its variability over time and between patients. Various available tools for measurement of lupus disease activity may detect clinical improvement and/or deterioration and can be global or organ-focused. Several measures have demonstrated validity, reliability, and sensitivity to change in observational studies, and some were found useful in randomized controlled trials. Evaluation of their content and metric properties and critical review of their strengths and weaknesses facilitates selection of the appropriate tool according to the outcome of interest, and forms the basis for their optimization. In this review, we highlight recent progress in lupus disease activity measures and point to future directions in this field, with a focus on novel composite measurements derived by combining outcome measures in ways that might compensate for their individual deficiencies.
    Current Rheumatology Reports 06/2013; 15(6):334. DOI:10.1007/s11926-013-0334-2 · 2.87 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Cutaneous lupus erythematosus (CLE) encompasses a wide range of dermatologic manifestations, which may or may not be associated with the development of systemic disease. Cutaneous lupus is divided into several sub-types, including acute CLE (ACLE), sub-acute CLE (SCLE) and chronic CLE (CCLE). CCLE includes discoid lupus erythematosus (DLE), LE profundus (LEP), chilblain cutaneous lupus and lupus tumidus. The diagnosis of these diseases requires proper classification of the sub-type, through a combination of physical examination, laboratory studies, histology, antibody serology and occasionally direct immunofluorescence, while ensuring to exclude systemic disease. The treatment of cutaneous lupus consists of patient education on proper sun protection along with appropriate topical and systemic agents. Systemic agents are indicated in cases of widespread, scarring or treatment-refractory disease. In this chapter, we discuss issues in classification and diagnosis of the various sub-types of CLE, as well as provide an update on therapeutic management.
    Best practice & research. Clinical rheumatology 06/2013; 27(3):391-404. DOI:10.1016/j.berh.2013.07.008 · 2.60 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is a chronic autoimmune disease that has major implications for health-related quality of life (HRQoL). Improvements in the monitoring and management of SLE improves survival; however, improvement of HRQoL remains of paramount importance among these patients. Measurement of HRQoL has been recommended in clinical practice and research including drug development and testing in clinical trials. Both generic and disease specific instruments have been developed to ascertain HRQoL. In an increasingly global collaborative environment, the importance of assessing HRQoL across nations, acknowledgment of their confounders, and limitations of used instruments are critical. Here, we review selected major developments in the past 5 years highlighting: the importance of measuring HRQoL in SLE patients, the benefits and limitations of instruments that exist, and their application in research settings.
    Current Rheumatology Reports 12/2013; 15(12):380. DOI:10.1007/s11926-013-0380-9 · 2.87 Impact Factor
Show more