Weekly Calendar Planning Activity (WCPA): A Performance-Based Assessment of Executive Function Piloted With At-Risk Adolescents

Nikki Williamson Weiner, OTD, OTR/L, is Occupational Therapist, CarePartners Health Services and Carolina Pediatric Therapy, Asheville, NC.
The American journal of occupational therapy : official publication of the American Occupational Therapy Association 11/2012; 66(6):699-708. DOI: 10.5014/ajot.2012.004754
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE. We piloted the Weekly Calendar Planning Activity (WCPA), a performance-based measure of executive function (EF), to establish a baseline for at-risk adolescents. METHOD. Participants were 113 youths ages 16-21 who were enrolled at a charter school for youth returning to high school after dropping out. We administered the WCPA and collected demographic information. RESULTS. On average, participants spent 15.9 min on the WCPA, made 7.9 errors, and followed 4.0 of 5 possible rules. No ceiling effect was observed in overall accuracy. Participants used a mean of 3.1 strategies (standard deviation = 1.9) while completing the WCPA. Participants who used more strategies spent more time planning and completing the task and were more accurate. CONCLUSION. The WCPA may be useful to occupational therapists as a performance measure of EF. This assessment allows evaluation of complex task performance, strategy use, self-evaluation of performance, and error patterns, which can be used in developing intervention strategies.

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    • "These findings suggest that the WCPA is suitable for adolescents and young adults as a performance-based assessment of EF (Toglia & Berg, 2013). Findings from the WCPA pilot study indicated that participants who performed better on the task used more strategies, took more time, followed more rules, and were more deliberate and accurate overall (Weiner et al., 2012). A version for students was developed and is reported in the current study. "
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