Cutaneous and superficial soft tissue lesions associated with Albright hereditary osteodystrophy: clinicopathological and molecular genetic study of 4 cases, including a novel mutation of the GNAS gene.
ABSTRACT Albright hereditary osteodystrophy is a rare syndrome, in which cutaneous and superficial soft tissue lesions traditionally include osteomas and calcifications. We report 4 patients from 2 families affected with Albright hereditary osteodystrophy and demonstrate that the spectrum of these cutaneous and soft tissue lesions is broader than is usually defined in the literature. In addition to osteomas in the dermis and subcutis, including so-called plaque-like osteoma, we identified the following lesions: calcifying aponeurotic fibroma-like lesion, calcinosis circumscripta-like lesion, and unusual nevi with osteoid and/or peculiar intranuclear pseudoinclusions. One osteoma and the calcifying aponeurotic fibroma-like lesion were analyzed by HUMARA and proved to be clonal. In a family, a novel mutation in the GNAS gene was also identified.
- Journal of Bone and Mineral Research 07/1997; 12(6):995. · 6.13 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Pseudohypoparathyroidism is a parathyroid hormone resistance condition, characterised by biochemical findings of hypocalcaemia or normocalcaemia with inappropriately elevated parathyroid hormone level and usually with a typical osteodystrophy feature. We report an infant with pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ia, who presented with obesity and calcinosis cutis as a clue to diagnosis. A 1-year-old female infant presented with suspected Cushing syndrome. She had round face, flushed cheeks, short nose and low nasal bridge. The infant was normotensive and not virilised. Investigations for Cushing syndrome were all negative. Calcinosis cutis was detected over both legs and the abdominal wall. Parathyroid hormone level was inappropriately elevated with a slightly high calcium level. Her mother was also noted to have Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy features with normal calcium and parathyroid hormone levels. Therefore, the diagnoses of infantile pseudohypoparathyroidism type Ia and maternal pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism were made. This infant presented with an early manifestation of Albright's hereditary osteodystrophy. Diagnosis of pseudohypoparathyroidism should be considered as an unusual cause of obesity in infants, particularly in the differential diagnosis of Cushing syndrome when tall stature rather than growth failure is present.Journal of Paediatrics and Child Health 01/2007; 42(12):821-3. · 1.25 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Four unrelated children with osteoma cutis and Albright hereditary osteodystrophy (pseudohypoparathyroidism and pseudopseudohypoparathyroidism) are described. All four patients were normocalcemic when they were first seen with cutaneous ossification. A diagnosis of Albright hereditary osteodystrophy was established on the basis of associated somatic features, radiographic abnormalities, and family history. Progression to pseudohypoparathyroidism was documented in two children who developed hypocalcemia at 2 and 3 years of age, respectively. Early recognition of the skin manifestations of this syndrome and careful follow-up are important to prevent the deleterious effects of hypocalcemia. Osteoma cutis is a common sign of Albright hereditary osteodystrophy in infancy and childhood, and its significance should not be overlooked, even in the normocalcemic patient.Pediatric Dermatology 04/1992; 9(1):11-8. · 1.04 Impact Factor