Article

Multiple chronic conditions among adults aged 45 and over: trends over the past 10 years.

Centers for Disease Control and Prevention National Center for Health Statistics 3311 Toledo Road, Hyattsville, Maryland 20782, USA.
NCHS data brief 07/2012;
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT KEY FINDINGS: Data from the National Health Interview Survey, 1999-2000 and 2009-2010 Between 1999-2000 and 2009-2010, the percentage of adults aged 45-64 and 65 and over with two or more of nine selected chronic conditions increased for both men and women, all racial and ethnic groups examined, and most income groups. During the 10-year period, the percentage of adults aged 65 and over with both hypertension and diabetes increased from 9% to 15%; prevalence of hypertension and heart disease increased from 18% to 21%; and prevalence of hypertension and cancer increased from 8% to 11%. The percentage of adults aged 45-64 with two or more of nine selected chronic conditions who did not receive or delayed needed medical care due to cost increased from 17% to 23%, and the percentage who did not receive needed prescription drugs due to cost increased from 14% to 22%.

1 Follower
 · 
115 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Structural resources, including access to health insurance, are understudied in relation to the stress process. Disability increases the likelihood of mental health problems, but health insurance may moderate this relationship. We explore health insurance coverage as a moderator of the relationship between disability and psychological distress. A pooled sample from 2008-2010 (N=57,958) was obtained from the Integrated Health Interview Series. Chow tests were performed to assess insurance group differences in the association between disability and distress. Results indicated higher levels of distress associated with disability among uninsured adults compared to their peers with public or private insurance. The strength of the relationship between disability and distress was weaker for persons with public compared to private insurance. As the Affordable Care Act is implemented, decision-makers should be aware of the potential for insurance coverage, especially public, to ameliorate secondary conditions such as psychological distress among persons who report a physical disability.
    Mental health and society 11/2014; 4(3):164-178. DOI:10.1177/2156869314532376
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Older African Americans carry a disproportionate share of chronic diseases. The purpose of this study was to identify the characteristics of urban-dwelling African Americans with chronic disease participating in Chronic Disease Self-Management Education (CDSME) programs and to examine factors related to successful program completion (i.e., attending at least four of the six sessions). Data were analyzed from 11,895 African Americans who attended a CDSME program at one of the five leading delivery sites (i.e., senior center, health care organization, residential facility, community location, faith-based organization). Logistic regression analyses were used to assess the associations of demographic, delivery site, and neighborhood characteristics with CDSME program successful completion. Approximately, half of the African American participants were aged 65-79 years, 83% were female, and 92% lived alone. Approximately, 44% of participants had three or more chronic conditions and 35% resided in an impoverished area (i.e., 200% below federal poverty level). Successful completion of the CDSME program was associated with being between the ages of 50-64 and 65-79 years, being female, living alone, living in an impoverished community, and attending a CDSME program at a residential facility or community center. Findings highlight the unique patterns of attendance and delivery within the context of self-management interventions among this unique and traditionally underserved target population. Understanding such patterns can inform policy and practice efforts to engage more organizations in urban areas to increase CDSME program adoption. Particularly, employing strategies to implement CDSME programs across all delivery site types may increase reach to African American participants.
    Frontiers in Public Health 04/2015; 2. DOI:10.3389/fpubh.2014.00174
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Although it is widely accepted that adults with immunocompromising conditions are at greatly increased risk of pneumococcal infection, the extent of risk among immunocompetent adults with chronic medical conditions is less certain, particularly in the current era of universal vaccination of children with pneumococcal conjugate vaccines. We conducted a retrospective cohort study using data from 3 healthcare claims repositories (2006-2010) to compare rates of pneumococcal disease in immunocompetent adults with chronic medical conditions ("at-risk") and immunocompromised adults ("high-risk"), with rates in adults without these conditions ("healthy"). Risk profiles and episodes of pneumococcal disease-all-cause pneumonia, pneumococcal pneumonia, and invasive pneumococcal disease (IPD)-were ascertained from diagnosis, procedure, and drug codes. Rates of all-cause pneumonia among at-risk persons aged 18-49 years, 50-64 years, and ≥65 years were 3.2 (95% confidence interval [CI], 3.1-3.2), 3.1 (95% CI, 3.1-3.1), and 3.0 (95% CI, 3.0-3.0) times the rates in age-matched healthy counterparts, respectively. We identified rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosus, Crohn's disease, and neuromuscular or seizure disorders as additional at-risk conditions for pneumococcal disease. Among persons with at-risk conditions, the rate of all-cause pneumonia substantially increased with the accumulation of concurrent at-risk conditions (risk stacking): among persons 18-49 years, rate ratios increased from 2.5 (95% CI, 2.5-2.5) in those with 1 at-risk condition to 6.2 (95% CI, 6.1-6.3) in those with 2 conditions, and to 15.6 (95% CI, 15.3-16.0) in those with ≥3 conditions. Findings for pneumococcal pneumonia and IPD were similar. Despite widespread use of pneumococcal conjugate vaccines, rates of pneumonia and IPD remain disproportionately high in adults with at-risk conditions, including those with conditions not currently included in the Advisory Committee on Immunization Practices' guidelines for prevention and those with multiple at-risk conditions.
    03/2014; 1(1):ofu024. DOI:10.1093/ofid/ofu024

Similar Publications