Social networks: a new source of psychological stress or a way to enhance self-esteem? Negative and positive implications in bronchial asthma.
ABSTRACT The Internet and, in particular, social networks are an increasingly important part of daily life for both adolescents and adults who maintain a virtual relationship with others sharing interests and goals. Very often, they disclose more about themselves online than they do in person. However, cyberbullying and cyberostracism can be problematic for adolescents and sensitive individuals, who might be negatively affected by social networks. Some studies have shown an increased risk of depression, whereas others suggest beneficial effects through enhanced communication, social connection, and self-esteem. Bronchial asthma is an increasingly frequent disease in the industrialized world, and psychological implications play a role in increasing or in reducing its severity. One year after the case report of an asthma exacerbation that may have been triggered by Facebook, it seems reasonable to analyze the effects of social networks on bronchial asthma.
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ABSTRACT: As social media use is rising among adolescents, the issue of whether this use leads to positive or negative outcomes warrants greater understanding. This article critically reviews the literature related to this important topic. Specifically, we examine how social media use affects social connectedness in terms of three elements of adolescent development: sense of belonging, psychosocial wellbeing, and identity development and processes. Mixed findings are reported regarding the role that social media plays in fostering social connectedness, which suggests that young people may experience both positive and negative psychological outcomes. As a result, this article argues that online tools create a paradox for social connectedness. On one hand, they elevate the ease in which individuals may form and create online groups and communities, but on the other, they can create a source of alienation and ostracism. This article contributes to ongoing discourse in the area of educational and developmental psychology, and has implications for researchers and practitioners working with adolescents.Australian Journal of Educational and Developmental Psychology 07/2014; 31(1):1-14. DOI:10.1017/edp.2014.2
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ABSTRACT: Based on the available literature, this article will develop the epidemiology and characteristics of asthma in adolescent girls. When focusing on the female gender, the data are in favor of a significantly higher prevalence in adolescent girls than in adolescent boys, although the prevalence is reversed in younger children. Asthma in adolescent girls is characterized by under-evaluation and poorly adapted treatment, leading to unacceptable control and poor quality of life. On the other hand, adolescence is a risky phase of life that mixes ruptures and conflicts related to a quest for personal identity in response to physical changes with the onset of puberty and to cognitive changes and emotional instability. The management of an adolescent asthmatic girl must take into account all these changes so as to better accompany her during this period of mutation and transformation and to help her manage her treatment autonomously.Revue Française d'Allergologie 04/2013; 53(3):201–204. DOI:10.1016/j.reval.2013.01.049 · 0.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Self-management of asthma can now leverage new media technologies. To optimize implementation they must employ a consumer-oriented developmental approach. This study explored benefits of and barriers to improved asthma self-management and identified key elements for the development of a digital media tool to enhance asthma control. Between August 2010 and January 2011, 18 teens with asthma and 18 parent-caregivers participated in semistructured in-depth interviews to identify mechanisms for improving asthma self-management and propose characteristics for developing a digital media tool to aid such efforts. Teens and caregivers enumerated physician-recommended strategies for asthma management as well as currently employed strategies. Both groups thought of a potential digital media solution as positive, but indicated specific design requirements for such a solution to have utility. Whereas most participants perceived mobile platforms to be viable modes to improve asthma self-management, interest in having social networking capabilities was mixed. A digital media product capable of tracking conditions, triggers, and related asthma activities can be a core element of improved asthma control for youth. Improved asthma control will help decrease school absenteeism.Journal of School Health 12/2013; 83(12):921-930. DOI:10.1111/josh.12111 · 1.66 Impact Factor