Buchanan, J. & Young, L. (2000) ‘Examining the Relationship Between Material Conditions, Long Term Problematic Drug Use and Social Exclusion: A New Strategy for Social Inclusion’ in J. Bradshaw & R. Sainsbury (eds) Experiencing Poverty, pp. 120-143 London, Ashgate Press, ISBN 0-7546-1288-0
ABSTRACT Drawing upon research studies carried out on Merseyside in the late 1990s the authors argue that problematic drug use should be understood within the wider context of social exclusion, unemployment and poverty. They suggest that drug relapse has a strong association with stigma, structural disadvantage and a struggle for reintegration, and argue for a shift in focus away from drug dependence as a medical and psychological condition, instead towards a social model which emphasise inclusion and reintegration.