Angioplasty and stenting for mechanical thrombectomy in acute ischemic stroke
ABSTRACT A large number of patients presenting with acute ischemic stroke have large artery intracranial occlusions, and timely recanalization of these occlusions often leads to improved neurologic outcome. Starting with the widespread use of IV tissue plasminogen activator, a wide variety of pharmacologic and mechanical methods have been introduced to improve vessel recanalization and clinical outcome of patients with acute ischemic stroke, which include endovascular therapies such as intra-arterial thrombolytics and mechanical thrombectomy devices. One of the potential therapies is angioplasty and stenting, and this has been evaluated in multiple case reports and small series published by various centers regarding its use in this setting. In this article, we review the current literature on stenting with and without angioplasty, used alone or as a part of multimodal therapy for recanalization for acute cerebrovascular occlusions.
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ABSTRACT: Acute ischemic stroke (AIS) due to thrombo-embolic occlusion in the cerebral vasculature is a major cause of morbidity and mortality in the United States and throughout the world. Although the prognosis is poor for many patients with AIS, a variety of strategies and devices are now available for achieving recanalization in patients with this disease. Here, we review the treatment options for cerebrovascular thromboembolic occlusion with a focus on the evolution of strategies and devices that are utilized for achieving endovascular clot extraction. In order to demonstrate the progression of this treatment strategy over the past decade, we will also present a single-center case series of AIS patients treated with endovascular thrombectomy.06/2013; 3(2):521-39. DOI:10.3390/brainsci3020521