CAD-CAM-Assisted Esthetic Facial Surgery
ABSTRACT PURPOSE: This report describes a fully digital workflow for computer-assisted esthetic facial surgery planning and guidance. MATERIAL AND METHODS: Using optical scans, virtual surgery is performed according to the 3-dimensional cephalometric results. Next, surgical templates are generated using rapid prototyping. These templates act as a guide during surgery. RESULTS: The workflow has been tested successfully in 4 esthetic facial surgical procedures (rhinoplasty and genioplasty). In addition to surgical assistance, the advantages of the workflow include the possibility of discussing the treatment plan interactively with the patient and comparing and measuring simulation surgery with the actual outcome. As an additional benefit, the appropriate size of the alloplastic implants can be determined preoperatively. CONCLUSIONS: Templates could improve special procedures in esthetic facial surgery.
- SourceAvailable from: Nicholas M Wetjen[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The complex three-dimensional anatomy of the craniofacial skeleton creates a formidable challenge for surgical reconstruction. Advances in computer-aided design and computer-aided manufacturing technology have created increasing applications for virtual surgical planning in craniofacial surgery, such as preoperative planning, fabrication of cutting guides, and stereolithographic models and fabrication of custom implants. In this review, the authors describe current and evolving uses of virtual surgical planning in craniofacial surgery.Seminars in Plastic Surgery 08/2014; 28(3):150-8. DOI:10.1055/s-0034-1384811
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Rapid prototyping (RP) technologies have found many uses in dentistry, and especially oral and maxillofacial surgery, due to its ability to promote product development while at the same time reducing cost and depositing a part of any degree of complexity theoretically. This paper provides an overview of RP technologies for maxillofacial reconstruction covering both fundamentals and applications of the technologies. Key fundamentals of RP technologies involving the history, characteristics, and principles are reviewed. A number of RP applications to the main fields of oral and maxillofacial surgery, including restoration of maxillofacial deformities and defects, reduction of functional bone tissues, correction of dento-maxillofacial deformities, and fabrication of maxillofacial prostheses, are discussed. The most remarkable challenges for development of RP-assisted maxillofacial surgery and promising solutions are also elaborated.Annals of Medicine 04/2015; 47(3):1-23. DOI:10.3109/07853890.2015.1007520 · 4.73 Impact Factor
- [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: The early computer-aided design/computer-aided manufacturing (CAD/CAM) systems were relied exclusively on subtractive methods. In recent years, additive methods by employing rapid prototyping (RP) have progressed rapidly in various fields of dentistry as they have the potential to overcome known drawbacks of subtractive techniques such as fit problems. RP techniques have been exploited to build complex 3D models in medicine since the 1990s. RP has recently proposed successful applications in various dental fields, such as fabrication of implant surgical guides, frameworks for fixed and removable partial dentures, wax patterns for the dental prosthesis, zirconia prosthesis and molds for metal castings, and maxillofacial prosthesis and finally, complete dentures. This paper aimed to offer a comprehensive literature review of various RP methods, particularly in dentistry, that are expected to bring many improvements to the field. A search was made through MEDLINE database and Google scholar search engine. The keywords; 'rapid prototyping' and 'dentistry' were searched in title/abstract of publications; limited to 2003 to 2013, concerning past decade. The inclusion criterion was the technical researches that predominately included laboratory procedures. The exclusion criterion was meticulous clinical and excessive technical procedures. A total of 106 articles were retrieved, recited by authors and only 50 met the specified inclusion criteria for this review. Selected articles had used rapid prototyping techniques in various fields in dentistry through different techniques. This review depicted the different laboratory procedures employed in this method and confirmed that RP technique have been substantially feasible in dentistry. With advancement in various RP systems, it is possible to benefit from this technique in different dental practices, particularly in implementing dental prostheses for different applications.03/2015; 16(1):1-9.