Frequency and Spatial Distribution of Cartilage Thickness Change in Knee Osteoarthritis and its Relation to Clinical and Radiographic Covariates - Data from the Osteoarthritis Initiative.

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Osteoarthritis and Cartilage (Impact Factor: 4.66). 10/2012; 21(1). DOI: 10.1016/j.joca.2012.10.010
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT OBJECTIVE: Estimate the frequency and spatial location of rapid femorotibial cartilage thinning or thickening in knees with, or at risk of, osteoarthritis and examine their association with clinical and radiographic covariates. DESIGN: Knee cartilage thickness change over 12 months was measured using magnetic resonance imaging in the right knee of 757 Osteoarthritis Initiative (OAI) participants that had radiographic findings of osteophytes or joint space narrowing. Thickness changes in individual knees were classified as having rapid thinning or thickening or no detectable OA-related change when compared to asymptomatic OAI Control cohort knees. RESULTS: Cartilage thinning, found in 18.5% of subjects, was more frequent in knees with OAI calculated Kellgren-Lawrence Grade (cKLG)>2 (p<0.001) and with frequent pain (p=0.047). No link was found between body mass index, sex, and age and cartilage thinning (p>0.15). The percent of knees with thickening was small (4.4%), but greater in knees with frequent pain (p=0.02). Rapid thinning was most common in the central (36.4%) and external (32.1%) subregions of the medial weight-bearing femur. Mean cartilage loss in rapidly thinning subregions ranged from 11.2%/y to 24.6%/y. Knees with cKLG>2, but classified as having no detectable OA-related change had mean cartilage loss rates significantly >0 (0.4%/y to 1.3%/y) in 10 subregions. CONCLUSION: Most observed subregional changes in OA knees were indistinguishable from changes found in an asymptomatic cohort, but a fraction of subregions showed rapid progression. The relative frequency of rapid thinning increases when cKLG>2, a classification closely associated with joint space narrowing and/or frequent knee pain are present.

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