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    ABSTRACT: To date, effect of preoperatively continued aspirin administration in off-pump coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is less known. We aimed to assess the effect of preoperatively continued aspirin use on early and mid-term outcomes in patients receiving off-pump CABG. From October 2009 to September 2013 at the Fuwai Hospital, 709 preoperative aspirin users were matched with unique 709 nonaspirin users using propensity score matching to obtain risk-adjusted outcome comparisons between the two groups. Early outcomes were in-hospital death, stroke, intra- and post-operative blood loss, reoperation for bleeding and blood product transfusion. Major adverse cardiac events (death, myocardial infarction or repeat revascularization), angina recurrence and cardiogenic readmission were considered as mid-term endpoints. There were no significant differences among the groups in baseline characteristics after propensity score matching. The median intraoperative blood loss (600 ml versus 450 ml, P = 0.56), median postoperative blood loss (800 ml versus 790 ml, P = 0.60), blood transfusion requirements (25.1% versus 24.4%, P = 0.76) and composite outcome of in-hospital death, stroke and reoperation for bleeding (2.8% versus 1.6%, P = 0.10) were similar in aspirin and nonaspirin use group. At about 4 years follow-up, no significant difference was observed among the aspirin and nonaspirin use group in major adverse cardiac events free survival estimates (95.7% versus 91.5%, P = 0.23) and freedom from cardiogenic readmission (88.5% versus 85.3%, P = 0.77) whereas the angina recurrence free survival rates was 83.7% and 73.9% in the aspirin and nonaspirin use group respectively (P = 0.02), with odd ratio for preoperative aspirin estimated at 0.71 (95% confidence interval, 0.49-1.04, P = 0.08). Preoperatively continued aspirin use was not associated with increased risk of intra- and post-operative blood loss, blood transfusion requirements and composite outcome of in-hospital death, stroke and reoperation for bleeding in off-pump CABG. Preoperative aspirin use tended to decrease the hazard of mid-term angina recurrence.
    PLoS ONE 01/2015; 10(2):e0116311. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0116311 · 3.53 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: With the advent of percutaneous coronary intervention, specifically the bare metal stent and subsequently, the drug-eluting stent, the scope of interventional cardiology has greatly increased. Aspirin, in combination with a thienopyridine is the present-day cornerstone of oral antiplatelet therapy after coronary artery stent placement. Continuing this chronic antiplatelet therapy, to mitigate a perioperative major adverse cardiac event, can be challenging and remains controversial in patients with a coronary artery stent undergoing non-cardiac surgery. We describe here the rationale for and successful use of an alternate approach to formulating local institutional management protocols for patients with a coronary artery stent, undergoing an elective surgical procedure.
    BMC Anesthesiology 01/2014; 14:73. DOI:10.1186/1471-2253-14-73 · 1.33 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Background. Drugs that act on the platelet P2Y12 receptor are responsible for postoperative bleeding in cardiac surgery. However, protease-activated receptor (PAR) that reacts to thrombin stimulation might still be active in patients treated with P2Y12 inhibitors. Preoperative platelet function testing could possibly guide the timing of surgery. We investigated the association between P2Y12 receptor and PAR inhibition and bleeding after cardiac surgery. Methods. A retrospective cohort study of 361 patients undergoing cardiac surgery and treated with P2Y12 anti-platelet agents was undertaken. All patients received a preoperative multiplate electrode aggregometry testing of platelet P2Y12 receptor activity (ADPtest) and PAR reactivity with thrombin receptor-activating peptide (TRAP) stimulation. ADPtest and TRAPtest data measured before surgery were analysed for association with postoperative bleeding (ml per 12 h) and severe postoperative bleeding. Results. Both the ADPtest and the TRAPtest were significantly (P=0.001) associated with postoperative bleeding. A threshold of 22 U for the ADPtest yielded a negative predictive value (NPV) of 94% and a positive predictive value (PPV) of 20%, and a threshold of 75 U for the TRAPtest yielded an NPV of 95% and a PPV of 23%. In the subgroup of patients with ADPtest <22 U, TRAPtest >= 75 U was not associated with severe bleeding (NPV of 100% and PPV of 37%). Conclusions. In patients taking P2Y12 receptor inhibitors, residual platelet reactivity to thrombin stimulation limits the risk of severe postoperative bleeding.
    BJA British Journal of Anaesthesia 09/2014; 113(6). DOI:10.1093/bja/aeu315 · 4.35 Impact Factor

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