Primary hepatic marginal zone B cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue type: case report and review of the literature
ABSTRACT A primary hepatic marginal zone B cell lymphoma of mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) is very rare. We found a solitary mass 27 mm in size in the left lobe of the liver of a 58-year-old Japanese man with a history of hepatitis-C infection. Based on the results of imaging studies, the tumor was diagnosed as a hepatocellular carcinoma (HCC). The left lobe of the liver was lobectomized and microscopic findings showed that the tumor was a hepatic MALT lymphoma, while immunohistochemistry showed it to be positive for CD20 and CD79a. In a fluorodeoxyglucose-positron emission tomography examination integrated with computed tomography scanning (FDG-PET CT) before surgery, the tumor was revealed to have a high standardized uptake value (SUV) for FDG. The patient received chemotherapy after surgery. To the best of our knowledge, 45 cases had been reported with a mean age for all patients of 61.4 years. The pathogenesis remains unclear, although half of the patients had a past history of chronic inflammatory liver disease. Surgical resection was performed in most cases and some patients received postoperative chemotherapy or radiotherapy. The clinicopathologic characteristics and management of this extremely rare disease are also discussed.
Journal of Gastrointestinal Cancer 06/2014; 45(S1). DOI:10.1007/s12029-014-9633-8
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Primary hepatic lymphoma is a rare malignancy which misdiagnosis and mistreatment is very frequent. Differential diagnosis of the hepatic lesion, based on the noninvolvement of blood vessels, includes: fatty infiltration, cirrhosis, amyloid infiltration, primary hepatomas, and metastatic neoplasms. We describe a case of a 69-year-old man who presented with 15% weight loss and general fatigue over the previous 9 months. Physical examination revealed hepatomegaly without lymphadenopathy or splenomegaly. Magnetic resonance imaging showed a 13cm×9cm×11cm tumor on the right liver associated with normal levels of alpha-fetoprotein (AFP) and carcinoembryonic antigen (CEA). After two negatives ultrasonography-guided needle liver biopsies, the third one showed diffuse infiltration of large sized lymphoid cells. Immunohistochemical findings demonstrated the B-lymphocyte lineage of the tumor. The patient received R-CHOP therapy (cyclophosphamide, doxorubicin, vincristine, prednisone, and rituximab) with good response. It is important to recognize PHL because it responds favorably to chemotherapy and may have a better prognosis than hepatocellular carcinoma or metastatic disease of the liver. When imaging findings on CT scans and MRI are nonspecific, a biopsy is needed not only for a definitive diagnosis but also for identifying the immunophenotype of the PHL. This type of lesion is highly chemosensitive and early aggressive chemotherapy may result in sustained remission. This case emphasizes the importance of effective recognition of PHL considering its good response to chemotherapy and the possibility of sustained remission if early aggressive treatment is implemented.10/2013; DOI:10.1016/j.ijscr.2013.10.003
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Primary hepatic mucosa-associated lymphoid tissue (MALT) lymphoma is extremely rare, and the etiology of disease is not fully understood. We present herein the case of a primary hepatic MALT lymphoma with Helicobacter pylori and hepatitis C virus infection. A 71-year-old male was admitted to our institution to undergo a precise evaluation of a hepatic tumor incidentally detected during a computed tomography (CT) scan for chest examination. Dynamic CT showed faint enhancement during the arterial phase. The gadoxetate disodium-enhanced magnetic resonance imaging showed a hyper-intensity on the arterial phase and low intensity during the late and hepatocyte phases. Liver biopsy specimen showed small to intermediate size atypical lymphocytes with positive CD20 immunohistochemical staining. It was finally diagnosed as primary hepatic MALT lymphoma. FDG-PET/CT showed faintly increased uptake with a maximum standardized uptake value of 4.6, and did not show other pathological uptake. We present the rare case of primary hepatic MALT lymphoma and discussed the etiology of this disease.Clinical Journal of Gastroenterology 04/2013; 6(2). DOI:10.1007/s12328-013-0362-5