REVISION OF THE VENOMOUS SNAKES OF BOLIVIA. II: THE PITVIPERS (SERPENTES: VIPERIDAE)
ABSTRACT Twelve species (Bothriopsis bilineata, B. oligolepis, B. taeniata, Bothrocophias microphthalmus, Bothrops andianus, B. atrox, B. jonathani, B. moojeni, B. neuwiedi, B. sanctaecrucis, Crotalus durissus, Lachesis muta) and five genera of pitvipers are known from Bolivia. Known ranges of several species are expanded to accommodate recently collected material and Bothrops andianus is reported from Bolivia. The holotypes of Bothrops andianus and Lachesis peruvianus are redescribed. Bothriopsis oligolepis (Werner) is shown to be synonymous with Lachesis peruvianus Boulenger rather than L. chloromelas. We designate a lectotype of Bothriopsis chloromelas (Boulenger) and apply this name to the ornately patterned forest pitviper endemic to the northern and central Andes of Peru. Morphological variation and reproductive data are reported for B. sanctaecrucis. References to Bolivian specimens of B. jararacussu are based on misidentifications of B. sanctaecrucis. Although the known ranges of B. brazili, B. jararacussu, and Bothrocophias hyoprora approach Bolivia's borders, these species have not yet been collected within the country. A rectangular loreal is rare in pitvipers and may be a synapomorphy of two small Andean pitvipers: B. andianus and B. lojanus.
- 01/1993; Azemiops SA Herpetological Data Center., ISBN: 2-940077-00-2
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ABSTRACT: The name Bothrops campbelli Freire-Lascano (1991) is currently applied to two distinct species. We restrict use of the name campbelli to the species that occurs on the western slopes of the Andes in Ecuador, and we describe the species that occurs in the Chocoan rainforest of western Colombia. Besides B. campbelli, the closest living relatives of the new species appear to be B. hyoprora and B. microphthalmus of the Atlantic slopes and lowlands of northern South America. Together these four species comprise a distinctive clade for which we propose the new generic name Bothrocophias.American Museum Novitates 09/2009; · 1.69 Impact Factor
- Memórias do Instituto Butantan 02/1953; 25(1):15-21.