New Species of Cnemaspis Strauch 1887 (Squamata: Gekkonidae) from Southwestern Cambodia

[ "Department of Biology, La Sierra University, 4500 Riverwalk Parkway, Riverside, California 92515 USA "]
Journal of Herpetology (Impact Factor: 0.84). 02/2010; DOI: 10.1670/08-211.1

ABSTRACT A new species of Southeast Asian Cnemaspis is described from the rocky foothills in the northwestern section of the Cardamom Mountains, Cambodia on the basis of a light colored chevron marking between the shoulders, tail tip white with black speckling, and several scale characteristics. This population's overall morphological similarity to southern Vietnam species demonstrates that Cambodia is an important biogeographical link between disjunct components of the Indochinese herpetofauna. This species represents the second known species of Cnemaspis from Cambodia and the ninth endemic species to be described from the Cardamom Mountains, highlighting the need for additional fieldwork in this area of Indochina.

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    ABSTRACT: A new species of endemic Cnemaspis is described from Gunung Jerai (also known as Kedah Peak) in the northwestern state of Kedah, Peninsular Malaysia. Cnemaspis harimau sp. nov. differs from all other Sundaland congeners except C. affinis, C. biocellata, C. kumpoli, C. mcguirei, C. pseudomcguirei, and C. shahruli in having a black shoulder patch with a white or yellow ocellus anteriorly located. It is most similar in appearance to its sister species, C. affinis, but differs by having a smaller maximum SVL of 40.7 mm vs. 50.8 mm; three vs. five postmentals; caudal tubercles encircling vs. not encircling tail; lateral caudal tubercles on anterior 25% of tail highly spinose and protruding vs. slightly spinose; and an overall higher degree of scale keeling (most prominent on the tail). The discovery of another montane endemic once again highlights the understudied nature of Peninsular Malaysia's extensive mountain ranges.
    Zootaxa 01/2010; · 1.06 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: A new species of kukri snake Oligodon Fitzinger, 1826 is described from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary, Carda-mom Mountains, southwest Cambodia. Oligodon kampucheaensis sp. nov. differs from other Indochinese and Southeast Asian species of Oligodon by having 15–15–15 dorsal scale rows; 164 ventral scales; 39 subcaudal scales; anal plate un-divided; deep bifurcated hemipenes, lacking papillae and spines extending to subcaudal scale 11; 17 transverse cream and black-edged bands on body; three bands on tail; eight or nine scales long between dorsal bands; white ventrolateral spots on the lateral margin of every dark brown squarish or subrectangular ventral blotch. The hemipenial characters place it as the tenth species of the O. cyclurus group but it has a lower dorsal scale count than other species in this group. The dis-covery of this species from the Phnom Samkos Wildlife Sanctuary increases the number of kukri snakes for Cambodia to ten and indicates the importance of additional field studies in the Cardamom Mountains.
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    ABSTRACT: A new species of a presumably karst dwelling Rock Gecko, Cnemaspis laoensis sp. nov., is described from Dong Phu Vieng National Protected Area, Savannakhet Province, Laos. Cnemaspis laoensis is differentiated from all other Southeast Asian Cnemaspis in having a unique combination of color pattern (in alcohol) and scale characteristics. Cnemaspis laoensis is the first record of Cnemaspis from Laos and extends the range of this genus approximately 600 km to the northeast. Its presence in Laos underscores the need for continued exploration of karst habitats throughout Indochina were Cnemaspis commonly occur.


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