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Avery, P. B., Mannion, C. M., Powel, C. A., McKenzie, C. L., and Osborne, L. S. Natural enemies managing the invasion of the fig whitefly, Singhiella simplex (Hemiptera: Aleyrodidae), infesting a Ficus benjamina hedge. Florida Entomol.

[ "University of Florida, Institute of Food and Agricultural Sciences, Indian River Research and Education Center, 2199 South Rock Road, Fort Pierce, FL 34945"]
Florida Entomologist (Impact Factor: 1.06). 10/2011; 94(Sep 2011):696-698. DOI: 10.1653/024.094.0338
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    • "Various enzootic pathogenic fungi have also been isolated from S. simplex in Florida, namely Isaria fumosorosea Wize, Paecilomyces lilacinus Thorn (Samson), and Lecanicillium sp., Fusarium sp., and Aspergillus sp. (Avery et al. 2011). "
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    ABSTRACT: Singhiella simplex is native to the Oriental region, where it is known from Burma, China and India; and has been introduced to the USA (Florida) and Puerto Rico (Hodges 2007; Evans 2008; Mannion et al. 2008). More recently, S. simplex have been recorded also from Jamaica, Brazil, Cayman Islands (Jesus et al. 2010 and Velasco et al. 2011) and was observed in Israel in 2011 (unpublished). This is the first record of S. simplex from Colombia.
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    ABSTRACT: Whitefly is a pest in greenhouses, orchards, and nurseries. While there exist a host of general and restricted-use insecticides to combat this pest, more and more growers are turning to biological means to control these insects. There are a number of entomopathogenic fungi that infect whitefly, some have been formulated into commercially available products. The purpose of this article is to show that these fungi can be used in conjunction with biological and traditional chemical applications to reduce dependence on chemicals with the same mode of action. Compatibility with predatory and parasitic insects, horticultural oils, insect growth regulators, and other insecticides are explored.
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    ABSTRACT: Ficus benjamina L. (Moraceae) is an exotic ornamental plant in Brazil. The aim of this study was to identify a defoliator and its parasitoid on F. benjamina plants in Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil and to determine the number of pupae and the emergence of lepidopteran and a dipteran. Four Halysidota sp. (Lepidoptera: Arctiidae) groups, with 158, 144, 137 and 129 last-instar caterpillars aggregated on the trunks of 4 F. benjamina plastic containers with ficus leaves until development and emergence were completed. Adults of 1 undescribed lepidopteran species (Halysidota) and 1 dipteran species [Belvosia (Tachinidae)] emerged from the Halysidota pupae. An average of 118 viable Halysidota pupae per group were formed, and an average of 62.5 Belvosia individuals emerged from these host pupae per Halysidota group. From a grand total of 472 Halysidota pupae only one adult emerged. Halysidota sp. damaged F. benjamina plants in Viçosa, Minas Gerais, Brazil, but this defoliator was parasitized by Belvosia sp. The findings reported here indicate that Belvosia sp. appears to have the potential to reduce populations of Halysidota sp. and possibly protect F. benjamina in ornamental plantings. Key Words: Arctiinae, Exoristinae, gregarism, parasitism, Rosales
    Florida Entomologist 03/2014; 97(1):272-276. DOI:10.1896/054.097.0138 · 1.06 Impact Factor