Can calprotectin predict relapse risk in inflammatory bowel disease?
ABSTRACT Assessing the clinical course of inflammatory bowel disease (IBD) patients consists of periodical clinical evaluations and laboratory tests. We aimed to assess the role of calprotectin tests in predicting clinical relapse in IBD patients.
Ninety-seven patients with ulcerative colitis (UC) and 65 with Crohn's disease (CD) in clinical remission were prospectively included in the study. A 10-g stool sample was collected for calprotectin assay. The cutoff level was set at 130 mg/kg of feces. Patients were followed up for 1 yr after the test or until relapse. The cumulative proportion of relapses was estimated by the Kaplan-Meier analysis. Statistics for equality of survival distribution were tested using the log-rank test.
The calprotectin test was positive in 44 UC patients and 26 of them relapsed within a year, while 11 of 53 UC patients with a negative calprotectin test relapsed within the same time frame. Thirty CD patients had a positive calprotectin test and 13 of them relapsed within a year, as did 7 of the 35 with a negative test result. A significant correlation emerged between a positive calprotectin test and the probability of relapse in UC patients (P= 0.000). In CD patients, only cases of colonic CD showed a significant correlation between a positive calprotectin test and the probability of relapse, i.e., 6 colonic CD patients were positive for the calprotectin test and 4 relapsed (P= 0.02).
Measuring calprotectin may help to identify UC and colonic CD patients at higher risk of clinical relapse.
SourceAvailable from: Kaija-Leena Kolho[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Abstract The fecal neutrophil-derived biomarker calprotectin has several features of an ideal noninvasive test for detecting intestinal inflammation: it is simple, reliable, and low in cost. Its utility in differentiating inflammatory bowel diseases (IBDs) from functional conditions such as irritable bowel syndrome is well documented. Fecal calprotectin (FC) correlates closely with endoscopic activity of IBD. Emerging evidence suggest its usefulness in serial monitoring of disease activity and of therapy success in IBD. A low FC concentration predicts persistence of clinical remission especially in non-symptomatic ulcerative colitis and Crohn's colitis. Here, an overview is given to the current role of FC in diagnosis and clinical assessment of IBD.Scandinavian Journal of Gastroenterology 01/2015; 50(1):74-80. DOI:10.3109/00365521.2014.987809 · 2.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Targeted therapy, using biomarkers to assess disease activity in ulcerative colitis (UC), has been proposed. The objective of this study was to evaluate whether pharmacological intervention guided by fecal calprotectin (FC) prolongs remission in patients with UC. A total of 91 adults with UC in remission were randomized to an intervention group or a control group. Analysis of FC was performed monthly, during 18 months. A FC value of 300 µg/g was set as the cut-off for intervention, which was a dose escalation of the oral 5-aminosalicylate (5-ASA) agent. The primary study end-point was the number of patients to have relapsed by month 18. There were relapses in 18 (35.3%) and 20 (50.0%) patients in the intervention and the control groups, respectively (p = 0.23); and 28 (54.9%) patients in the intervention group and 28 (70.0%) patients in the control group had a FC > 300 µg/g, of which 8 (28.6%) and 16 (57.1%) relapsed, respectively (p < 0.05). Active intervention significantly reduced relapse rates, although no significant difference was reached between the groups overall. Thus, FC-levels might be used to identify patients with UC at risk for a flare, and a dose escalation of their 5-ASA agent is a therapeutic option for these patients.02/2015; 3(1):72-9. DOI:10.1177/2050640614560785
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ABSTRACT: Crohn's disease and ulcerative colitis are characterized by periods of symptomatic relapse and remission. Diagnosis and assessment of inflammatory bowel disease has so far been based on clinical evaluation, serum parameters, radiology and endoscopy. Faecal markers such as calprotectin or lactoferrin have emerged as new diagnostic tools to detect and monitor intestinal inflammation. This review focuses on their potential clinical applications and limitations in the management of inflammatory bowel disease.Therapeutic Advances in Gastroenterology 01/2015; 8(1):23-36. DOI:10.1177/1756283X14553384