Impact of economic crisis and other demographic and socio-economic factors on self-rated health in Greece
ABSTRACT BACKGROUND: Financial crisis and worsened socio-economic conditions are associated with greater morbidity, less utilization of health services and deteriorated population's health status. The aim of the present study was to investigate the determinants of self-rated health in Greece. METHODS: Two national cross-sectional surveys conducted in 2006 and 2011 were combined, and their data were pooled giving information for 10 572 individuals. The sample in both studies was random and stratified by gender, age, degree of urbanization and geographic region. Logistic regression analysis was used to determine the impact of several factors on self-rated health. RESULTS: Poor self-rated health was most common in older people, unemployed, pensioners, housewives and those suffering from chronic disease. Men, individuals with higher education and those with higher income have higher probability to report better self-rated health. Furthermore, the probability of reporting poor self-rated health is higher at times of economic crisis. CONCLUSION: Our findings confirm the association of self-rated health with economic crisis and certain demographic and socio-economic factors. Given that the economic recession in Greece deepens, immediate and effective actions targeting health inequalities and improvements in health status are deemed necessary.
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ABSTRACT: Objectives: This study explores the associations between parental employment status and the future and educational expectations and life satisfaction of a national representative sample of adolescents. Methods and analysis: Data were obtained from 5050 adolescents, attending school and with a mean age of 13.98 years old (SD=1.85). After a descriptive analysis of the sample, Chi-square tests were used by parental employment status (both parents employed or non-employed) for adolescents future expectations variables: setting up goals and plans for the future; think about completing high school /professional education; aspire to go on to university/ further education upon leaving high school. Moreover, ANOVA was used with life-satisfaction. Results: Employment of both parents is positively associated with higher future planning and higher educational expectations compared to parental non-employment. In addition, adolescents reporting higher future and educational expectations show greater life-satisfaction scores. Conclusions: This study provides evidence on how adolescents’ future and educational expectations differs by parental employment status and, in turn, life-satisfaction. The evidence is relevant given the actual socioeconomic context and can be useful to acknowledge the need to support research on adolescents’ with non-employed parents
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ABSTRACT: The focus of this study is on psychologists' accounts of how their psychotherapy work has been impacted by the socioeconomic crises that have had unprecedented effects in health care services and people's lives in Greece. Thirteen semi-structured interviews were conducted with psychologists in Community Mental Health Centers in Athens and Crete aiming to obtain nuanced and in-depth reflections on psychotherapeutic practice in the midst of socioeconomic hardships. Interpretative Phenomenological Analysis (IPA) was used to analyze the experiential accounts of the participants, derive themes in each transcript, connect the themes, and cluster the themes across the interview protocols. Three overriding and interconnected themes were derived: 1) Austerity: "Poverty, tragic circumstances and deficiency, are creeping into the therapy sessions"; 2) Empathizing or identifying with versus solidarity; and, 3) psychotherapy and precarity. Discussion focuses on the antithetical aspects of the psychologists' reflections and the social versus the intrapsychic interpretations that they apply in discussing their psychotherapeutic work.
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ABSTRACT: Although studies suggest that under times of economic uncertainty, perceptions and attitudes are subject to various types of economic and psychological influences, research examining this phenomenon within the context of tourism is limited. This study has developed a model exploring how the economic crisis influences residents’ attitudes toward tourism. The model was tested using a sample of 317 citizens of Kavala, Greece. Expressed concern about the state of the economy and personal benefit from tourism were found to direct residents’ perceptions of tourism impacts and their support for development. The study advances theoretical understanding of residents’ support for tourism during a period of economic uncertainty. The practical implications to tourism planning and development are also discussed.Annals of Tourism Research 01/2013; 44. DOI:10.1016/j.annals.2013.10.004 · 3.26 Impact Factor