Mutation analysis of MYH11 in acute myeloid leukemia
Leukemia & lymphoma (Impact Factor: 2.89). 10/2008; 49(9):1829-31. DOI: 10.1080/10428190802203796
- Nature Genetics 11/1999; 23(2):144-6. DOI:10.1038/13776 · 29.35 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Myosin II self-assembles to form thick filaments that are attributed to its long coiled-coil tail domain. The present study has determined a region critical for filament formation of vertebrate smooth muscle and nonmuscle myosin II. A monoclonal antibody recognizing the 28 residues from the C-terminal end of the coiled-coil domain of smooth muscle myosin II completely inhibited filament formation, whereas other antibodies recognizing other parts of the coiled-coil did not. To determine the importance of this region in the filament assembly in vivo, green fluorescent protein (GFP)-tagged smooth muscle myosin was expressed in COS-7 cells, and the filamentous localization of the GFP signal was monitored by fluorescence microscopy. Wild type GFP-tagged smooth muscle myosin colocalized with F-actin during interphase and was also recruited into the contractile ring during cytokinesis. Myosin with the nonhelical tail piece deleted showed similar behavior, whereas deletion of the 28 residues at the C-terminal end of the coiled-coil domain abolished this localization. Deletion of the corresponding region of GFP-tagged nonmuscle myosin IIA also abolished this localization. We conclude that the C-terminal end of the coiled-coil domain, but not the nonhelical tail piece, of myosin II is critical for myosin filament formation bothin vitro and in vivo.Journal of Biological Chemistry 08/2001; 276(32):30293-30300. DOI:10.1074/jbc.M101969200 · 4.57 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: A recent study described a recessive ATPase activating germ-line mutation in smooth-muscle myosin (smmhc/myh11) underlying the zebrafish meltdown (mlt) phenotype. The mlt zebrafish develops intestinal abnormalities reminiscent of human Peutz-Jeghers syndrome (PJS) and juvenile polyposis (JP). To examine the role of MYH11 in human intestinal neoplasia, we searched for MYH11 mutations in patients with colorectal cancer (CRC), PJS and JP. We found somatic protein-elongating frameshift mutations in 55% of CRCs displaying microsatellite instability and in the germ-line of one individual with PJS. Additionally, two somatic missense mutations were found in one microsatellite stable CRC. These two missense mutations, R501L and K1044N, and the frameshift mutations were functionally evaluated. All mutations resulted in unregulated molecules displaying constitutive motor activity, similar to the mutant myosin underlying mlt. Thus, MYH11 mutations appear to contribute also to human intestinal neoplasia. Unregulated MYH11 may affect the cellular energy balance or disturb cell lineage decisions in tumor progenitor cells. These data challenge our view on MYH11 as a passive differentiation marker functioning in muscle contraction and add to our understanding of intestinal neoplasia.Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences 05/2008; 105(14):5513-8. DOI:10.1073/pnas.0801213105 · 9.67 Impact Factor
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