Analysis of condylar differences in functional unilateral posterior crossbite during early treatment--a randomized clinical study.
ABSTRACT The analysis of potential discrepancies in condyle position among different occlusal relations (centric relation and maximum intercuspidation) is a key diagnostic component when treating children with unilateral posterior crossbite. Due to strict requirements imposed by ethics committees, and new regulations regarding the use of X-rays, radiological examinations (axial cephalometric radiographs or postero-anterior cephalometric radiographs) are not feasible. Thus the aim of this study was to apply an alternative procedure for the assessment of condylar deviations.
: We employed ARCUS digma, a measuring system based on ultrasound technology, to record condylar differences occurring in 65 children (6.9+/-2.0 years of age) with functional unilateral posterior crossbite in late deciduous and early mixed dentition. After randomization, 31 patients underwent early orthodontic treatment (bonded palatal expansion appliance and U-bow activator), whereas 34 patients remained untreated. Examinations were carried out at the beginning (T1) and after 12 months of treatment (T2). A three-dimensional (3D) assessment of deviations between maximum intercuspidation and centric position was carried out. Statistical analysis was performed using the SPSS 12.0 software program.
Initially, the electronic position analysis revealed no significant differences between the control and therapy groups. A mean condylar deviation of > 2 mm was noted at T1 in the sagittal, frontal and transversal planes for crossbite and the noncrossbite sides. This difference was reduced in the therapy group, a finding that proved statistically highly significant (p<0.001). We also observed a highly significant (p<0.001) difference between the control and therapy groups at T2.
The Münster concept for early treatment of functional unilateral posterior crossbites in late deciduous and early mixed dentition significantly improved the treated patients' occlusion in comparison to a randomized control group, which exhibited no spontaneous self-healing tendencies.
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ABSTRACT: Temporomandibular Disorder (TMD) is the main cause of pain of non-dental origin in the oro-facial region including head, face and related structures. The aetiology and the pathophysiology of TMD is poorly understood. It is generally accepted that the aetiology is multifactorial, involving a large number of direct and indirect causal factors. Among such factors, occlusion is frequently cited as one of the major aetiological factors causing TMD. It is well known from epidemiologic studies that TMD-related signs and symptoms, particularly temporomandibular joint (TMJ) sounds, are frequently found in children and adolescents and show increased prevalence among subjects between 15 and 45 years old. Aesthetic awareness, the development of new aesthetic orthodontic techniques and the possibility of improving prosthetic rehabilitation has increased the number of adults seeking orthodontic treatment. The shift in patient age also has increased the likelihood of patients presenting with signs and symptoms of TMD. Because orthodontic treatment lasts around 2 years, orthodontic patients may complain about TMD during or after treatment and orthodontists may be blamed for causing TMD by unsatisfied patients. This hypothesis of causality has led to legal problems for dentists and orthodontists. For these reasons, the interest in the relationship between occlusal factors, orthodontic treatment and TMD has grown and many studies have been conducted. Indeed, claims that orthodontic treatment may cause or cure TMD should be supported by good evidence. Hence, the aim of this article is to critically review evidence for a possible association between malocclusion, orthodontic treatment and TMD.Journal of Oral Rehabilitation 05/2010; 37(6):411-29. · 1.53 Impact Factor