Variables that moderate the attitude–behavior relation: Results of a longitudinal survey.
ABSTRACT Hypothesized several factors that moderate the attitude–behavior relation: (a) the behavioral sequence that must be successfully completed prior to the occurrence of the behavior, (b) the time interval between the measurement of attitudes and behavior, (c) attitude change, (d) the respondent's educational level, and (e) the degree of correspondence between attitudinal and behavioral variables. The behaviors investigated were having a child and using oral contraceptives. A stratified random sample of 244 married women in a midwestern urban area was studied during a 3-wave, 2-yr longitudinal study. Selection of attitudinal and belief measures was guided by the M. Fishbein (1967) model of behavior intentions. Consistent with the hypotheses, the relations between behavior and both intention and the model's attitudinal and normative components were substantially attenuated by (a) events in the behavioral sequence not under the volitional control of the actor, (b) an increase in the time interval between the measurement of attitudes and behavior from 1 to 2 yrs, and (c) changes in the model's attitudinal and normative components during the 1st yr. The respondent's educational level did not affect attitude–behavior consistency. The attitude–behavior correlation increased significantly as the degree of correspondence between the 2 variables increased. (47 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
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ABSTRACT: How do implicit attitudes influence behavior when they are in conflict with explicit attitudes? In Study 1, smokers' negative implicit attitudes and positive explicit attitudes towards smoking were activated. Then emotions were measured. The stronger the negative implicit attitudes that the smokers held, the stronger the conflict experienced. Study 2 showed that cognitive capacity allows for this conflict, as positive explicit and negative implicit attitudes may be applied simultaneously. The stronger the negative implicit attitudes the smokers ...Polish Psychological Bulletin 01/2011; 42(1):36-45.
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ABSTRACT: A controversial feature of modern parenting is ''child-centrism,'' the tendency for parents to prioritize their children's well-being above their own. It has been suggested that child-centric parenting in its various forms may undermine parental well-being. Con-trary to popular belief, more child-centric parents reported deriving more happiness and meaning from parenthood (Study 1). Study 2 employed the day reconstruction method (Kahneman, Krueger, Schkade, Schwarz, & Stone, 2004) to capture parents' actual experiences while taking care of their children. Consistent with Study 1, greater child-centrism was associated with the experience of greater positive affect, less negative affect, and greater meaning in life when engaged in child care activities. This link between child-centrism and well-being stands in contrast to recent arguments about the pitfalls of overinvestment in children, while dovetailing with a growing body of evidence that personal well-being is associated with investing in others rather than oneself. A controversial approach to parenting is the placement of one's children at the center of family life, where they receive the lion's share of the family's social, financial, and emotional resources. Several authors have argued that prioritizing the needs and wants of one's children to the detriment of one's own undermines par-ental well-being (Hodgkinson, 2009; Liedloff, 1975; Senior, 2010; Skenazy, 2009). Casting doubt on this perspective, a growing body of evidence suggests that when we invest in the well-being of others, we experience greater well-being our-selves. The goal of the present research is to examine the rela-tionship between what we term child-centric parenting and the well-being (positive affect [PA] and negative affect [NA] and meaning) that parents derive from their children. Child-CentrismSocial Psychological and Personality Science. 11/2013; 4(6):635.
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ABSTRACT: This study was performed to explore the factors that affect debt-use intention of young defaulters. In addition, this study compares three models that predict the intention to use debt by young defaulters: the theory of reasoned action and two variations of it. Specifically, this study proposes an extended theory of reasoned action by introducing Ao in place of the cognitive structure in the theory of reasoned action. In addition, this study proposes Ao as an independent variable that acts on BI rather than a dependent variable. Self-administered questionnaires were completed by 196 young defaulters attending a credit management education session held by the Credit Counseling & Recovery Service in Kwang-ju, Korea. Based on the study, the conclusions are as follows: the extended theory of reasoned action as proposed in this article most suitably explained the intention to use debt by young defaulters. It was also found that young defaulters were affected by attitudes toward debt, attitudes toward using debt, and subjective norms. It is therefore suggested that an attitudinal message would change the behavior effectively for young defaulters. The findings appeared to support the usefulness of the extended theory of reasoned action and the role of Ao as an independent variable as proposed in this article to explain the intention to use debt by young defaulters. These findings have an important theoretical meaning in that they modify two existing attitude theories in the context of consumer behavior.Journal of Korean Home Management Association. 01/2011; 29(6).