The conception of rape: A multidimensional scaling approach.

ABSTRACT Examined male and female college students' cognitive organization of rape and other specific interpersonal behaviors (e.g., lovemaking, assault, seduction). In Study 1, 79 Ss were requested to rate these behaviors or actions on 15 semantic differential scales. In Studies 2 and 3, a total of 190 Ss were asked to judge these behaviors or actions as to their similarity to one another. Across the studies, an individual difference multidimensional scaling (INDSCAL) analysis revealed 2 dimensions. The 1st dimension differentiated stimulus words along a positive to negative evaluative continuum. The 2nd dimension assessed the intensity of the interpersonal behavior. Ss' gender, sex-role attitude, and attitudes toward rape had little impact on the cognitive organization of these concepts as defined by these measures. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

  • 01/1978; Sage Publications.
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    ABSTRACT: In the present study the effects of salience of consciousness-raising information on the perception of acquaintance vs. stranger rape were focused on. One half of the subjects were exposed to information which emphasized the inappropriateness of sexual inequality (salient condition), while the other half were exposed to no such information (nonsalient condition). Subsequently, subjects read a passage which depicted an acquaintance rape or a stranger rape. The results indicated that those subjects in the salient condition perceived the victim more favorable and reported a lesser likelihood to commit rape (male subjects) than those in the nonsalient condition. Additionally, those in the stranger rape condition perceived the victim more favorably and reported a lesser likelihood of committing rape (male subjects) than those in the acquaintance rape condition. Finally, there was a significant interaction between salience and type of rape. To amplify, when subjects read the stranger rape passage, perceptions did not vary as a function of salience. On the other hand, when subjects read the acquaintance rape passage, those in the salient condition perceived the victim more favoraby and reported a lesser likelihood of committing rape than those in the nonsalient condition.
    Journal of Applied Social Psychology 09/1989; 19(14):1182 - 1197. · 0.83 Impact Factor
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    ABSTRACT: Examined the incidence, meaning, and function of rape in a cross-cultural sample of 156 tribal societies from the assumption that human sexual behavior, although based in a biological need, is an expression of cultural forces. Two general hypotheses guided the research: (1) The incidence of rape varies cross-culturally, and (2) a high incidence of rape is embedded in a distinguishably different cultural configuration than a low incidence of rape. Data suggest that rape is part of a cultural configuration that includes interpersonal violence, male dominance, and sexual separation. Rape is interpreted as the sexual expression of these forces in societies where the harmony between men and their environment has been severely disrupted. (32 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
    Journal of Social Issues 10/1981; · 1.96 Impact Factor


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