The conception of rape: A multidimensional scaling approach.


Examined male and female college students' cognitive organization of rape and other specific interpersonal behaviors (e.g., lovemaking, assault, seduction). In Study 1, 79 Ss were requested to rate these behaviors or actions on 15 semantic differential scales. In Studies 2 and 3, a total of 190 Ss were asked to judge these behaviors or actions as to their similarity to one another. Across the studies, an individual difference multidimensional scaling (INDSCAL) analysis revealed 2 dimensions. The 1st dimension differentiated stimulus words along a positive to negative evaluative continuum. The 2nd dimension assessed the intensity of the interpersonal behavior. Ss' gender, sex-role attitude, and attitudes toward rape had little impact on the cognitive organization of these concepts as defined by these measures. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

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Available from: David Bruce Sugarman, Feb 03, 2014
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    • "MDS as a research tool for understanding complex psychological phenomena has demonstrated considerable versatility. It has been used to understand how people conceive of loneliness (Lunt, 1991), crowding (Sadalla et al., 1978), rape (Sugarman, 1994), virtue (Haslam et al., 2004), drinking (Rather et al., 1992), smoking marijuana (Linkovich-Kyle and Dunn, 2001), and job involvement (Ellroy et al., 1995), just to name a few. "
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    • "This technique characterizes situations where a group of people or individuals perceive themselves as being potentially threatened because of their way of life or beliefs. Defensive attribute is based on the finding of a causal explanation for the deviant behavior by attributing the deviance to specific characteristics that are personally related to the victim, the offender, or the situation (Kristiansen & Giulietti, 1990; Sugerman, 1994). Kelly (1971) states that defensive attribution is a fast economic analysis of behavior because it acts as a framework in which different types of information are able to combine to arrive at a causal conclusion that will assist in understanding the result. "
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