Eating disorders and associated psychiatric comorbidity in elderly Canadian women.
ABSTRACT This study examined the prevalence of disordered eating symptomatology and their associations with socio-demographic characteristics and health indicators in a nationally representative sample of Canadian women aged 50 years and older. The study also examined associations of disordered eating symptomatology with comorbid mood disorders, anxiety disorders and alcohol dependence. The study was based on secondary data analysis of the Canadian Community Health Survey, cycle 1.2. About 2.6% of women 50-64 years old and 1.8% of women 65 years or older reported disordered eating symptomatology. These women exhibited elevated frequencies of dieting behaviors and preoccupation with food intake and body shape. Disordered eating symptomatology was positively associated with stress level and negatively associated with physical health. Similar to findings in younger women, risk of eating disorders was strongly associated with mood and anxiety disorders. Results indicate that the risk of having eating disorders is a lifelong concern. Hence, older women should be screened for symptoms of disordered eating and associated psychiatric comorbidity.
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Article: Eating disorders in the elderly[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Eating disorders in the elderly are often overlooked. When they occur, significant morbidity and mortality result. In this study we review all existing literature on eating disorders in the elderly and provide practical guidelines for clinicians in recognizing and managing eating disorders in the elderly. A literature search using Medline, PubMed, Web of Knowledge, and PsychINFO revealed 48 published cases of eating disorders in people over the age of 50 years. The mean age was 68.6 years (range 50-94), and the majority (88%) of cases were females. The majority (81%) of cases had anorexia nervosa, and 10% had bulimia nervosa. Late onset eating disorders were more common (69%) than early onset. Comorbid psychiatric conditions existed in 60%, most commonly major depression. Management with a combination of behavioral and pharmacologic interventions was most successful, although only 42% were treated successfully. Mortality was high (21%) secondary to the eating disorder and its complications. Eating disorders do occur in the elderly and should be included in the differential diagnosis of unexplained weight loss in the elderly.International Psychogeriatrics 02/2010; 22(4):523-36. DOI:10.1017/S1041610210000104 · 1.89 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Contemporary Western society emphasizes thinness for women, and the ideal female body size has become progressively smaller over the past half century. Meanwhile, the actual female body size has increased steadily, and rates of aberrant attitudes and behaviours surrounding food and weight have risen and tend to be much more common in overweight individuals. Thus disordered eating and excess body weight may perpetuate each other's development. We have synthesized the literature concerning female body size and disordered eating within a sociocultural context. Eight cognitions and behaviours that occur in women were examined: media exposure, weight stereotypes, body dissatisfaction, dieting, "fat talk," emotional eating, perfectionism, and the "superwoman" ideal. The research literature suggests that these factors may play a role in both disordered eating and obesity. Furthermore, these factors may induce triggers, exacerbated by perfectionism and excess weight, that increase the risk of binge eating. These triggers include interpersonal discrepancies, low interpersonal esteem, depressive affect, and dietary restraint. Comprehensive interventions targeting the indicated sociocultural cognitions and behaviours, combined with healthy living education, may be the most effective strategy for reducing the prevalence of disordered eating and obesity among females.Canadian Journal of Dietetic Practice and Research 03/2011; 72(1):e115-25. DOI:10.3148/72.1.2011.50 · 0.54 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The Eating Disorder Examination-Questionnaire (EDE-Q) is a self-report instrument assessing the specific psychopathology and key behaviors of eating disorders. This study sought to determine the prevalence of eating disturbances, and to provide psychometric properties and norms of the EDE-Q, in a representative German population sample. A total of 2520 individuals (1166 men, 1354 women) were assessed with the EDE-Q. Eating disorder psychopathology was higher and most key behaviors were more prevalent in women than in men. Psychopathology declined with age ≥65 in both sexes, and showed a peak at age 55-64 in men. Overall, 5.9% of the women and 1.5% of the men revealed eating disturbances. The prevalence of eating disturbances decreased with age in women and was significantly higher in obese than in normal-weight individuals. Psychometric analyses showed favorable item characteristics. Internal consistencies of EDE-Q composite scores were ≥.80 for women and ≥.70 for men. The factor structure of the EDE-Q was partially reproduced. Sex- and age-specific population norms are reported. This study provides population norms of the EDE-Q for both sexes and across the age range, demonstrates demographic variations in symptomatology, and reveals satisfactory psychometric properties. Further research is warranted on eating disturbances in older adults.PLoS ONE 01/2012; 7(1):e29125. DOI:10.1371/journal.pone.0029125 · 3.53 Impact Factor