The effects of self-instructional training on job-task sequencing: Suggesting a problem-solving strategy


Investigated the effects of a self-instructional training package on the job-task sequencing of 4 mentally retarded students (aged 18–20 yrs, IQs 43–65). The effects of training on the Ss' task completion and task repetition were also examined. Findings indicate that training increased job-task sequencing for all Ss. Data reveal increases in task completion for 3 Ss and decreases in task repetition for all Ss. Target behaviors were maintained up to 3 mo posttraining. Results support the use of self-instruction in the vocational training of mentally retarded persons. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

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    • "Teaching self-instructing was associated with desirable behavior change, but self-instructions were often not exhibited outside of training. In some studies, when subjects did use self-instructions, there was a relationship between the use of the statements and desirable behavior change (Agran et al., 1986; Keogh et al., 1984; Whitman et al., 1987). Overall, few studies employed specific procedures to increase the likelihood that the self-management procedures themselves would maintain or generalize. "
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    ABSTRACT: Self-management procedures, such as self-monitoring, self-administering consequences, and self-instructing, are frequently taught to people with developmental disabilities. In this paper, research examining the use of self-management procedures is reviewed and critiqued. Areas for future investigation are discussed.
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    ABSTRACT: Two individuals with severe mental retardation, employed by a janitorial supply company, were taught to use self-instruction in combination with multiple exemplar training to solve work-related problems. Use of the combined strategy resulted in generalization of the effects of independent variables, as well as generalization to nontrained problems. Use of the strategy is discussed in terms of promoting independent performance among supported employees.
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