Laparoscopic and Minimally Invasive Resection of Malignant Colorectal Disease
ABSTRACT Minimally invasive surgery for colorectal cancer is a burgeoning field of general surgery. Randomized controlled trials have assessed short-term patient-oriented and long-term oncologic outcomes for laparoscopic resection. These trials have demonstrated that the laparoscopic approach is equivalent to open surgery with a shorter hospital stay. Laparoscopic resection also may result in improved short-term patient-oriented outcomes and equivalent oncologic resections versus the open approach. Transanal excision of select rectal cancer using endoscopic microsurgery is promising and robotic-assisted laparoscopic surgery is an emerging modality. The efficacy of minimally invasive treatment for rectal cancer compared with conventional approaches will be clarified further in randomized controlled trials.
SourceAvailable from: Shannon N Acker[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background Minimally invasive surgical (MIS) techniques have become an established part of the care of the adult oncology patient. As surgeons have become more experienced with these advances in technique, MIS has recently seen an expanding role in the diagnosis and treatment of pediatric malignancies. We hypothesize that MIS techniques can be used to provide reliable diagnosis and safe therapeutic resection of many pediatric malignancies. Procedure We performed a retrospective review of all patients who underwent a minimally invasive operation for diagnosis or treatment of a malignant solid tumor at the Children’s Hospital Colorado over a ten-year period. Results A total of 105 minimally invasive procedures were performed in 98 patients, 61 % of which were male. The majority of cases, 78 (74 %) were thoracoscopic procedures and the remaining 27 (26 %) were laparoscopic procedures. Twenty-one (27 %) thoracoscopic procedures were performed for complete resection of primary tumor or metastases, with only three cases (14 %) converted to open thoracotomy. Tumors that were successfully removed thoracoscopically include neuroblastomas (n = 8), metastatic disease (n = 7), and a schwannoma. Of the 28 laparoscopic procedures, nine were performed for tumor resection with one case converted to open. Tumors that were successfully removed laparoscopically include 6 adrenal neuroblastomas and one pseudopapillary pancreatic tumor. There were no major surgical complications. No port site or surgical site recurrences were reported. Conclusions MIS techniques can be used safely and effectively for the diagnosis and resection of pediatric malignancies and treatment decisions can be made accurately based on tissue obtained.Surgical Endoscopy 08/2014; 29(5). DOI:10.1007/s00464-014-3795-0 · 3.31 Impact Factor
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Colon cancer remains a significant clinical problem worldwide and in the United States it is the third most common cancer diagnosed in men and women. It is generally accepted that most malignant neoplasms of the colon arise from precursor adenomatous polyps. This stepwise progression of normal epithelium to carcinoma, often with intervening dysplasia, occurs as a result of multiple sequential, genetic mutations-some are inherited while others are acquired. Malignant polyps are defined by the presence of cancer cells invading through the muscularis mucosa into the underlying submucosa (T1). They can appear benign endoscopically but the presence of malignant invasion histologically poses a difficult and often controversial clinical scenario. Emphasis should be initially focused on the endoscopic assessment of these lesions. Suitable polyps should be resected en-bloc, if possible, to facilitate thorough evaluation by pathology. In these cases, proper attention must be given to the risks of residual cancer in the bowel wall or in the surrounding lymph nodes. If resection is not feasible endoscopically, then these patients should be referred for surgical resection. This review will discuss the important prognostic features of malignant polyps that will most profoundly affect this risk profile. Additionally, we will discuss effective strategies for their overall management.
[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: Background and Objectives: Bowel anastomosis after anterior resection is one of the most difficult tasks to perform during laparoscopic colorectal surgery. This study aims to evaluate a new feasible and safe intracorporeal anastomosis technique after laparoscopic left-sided colon or rectum resection in a pig model. Methods: The technique was evaluated in 5 pigs. The OrVil device (Covidien, Mansfield, Massachusetts) was inserted into the anus and advanced proximally to the rectum. A 0.5-cm incision was made in the sigmoid colon, and the 2 sutures attached to its delivery tube were cut. After the delivery tube was evacuated through the anus, the tip of the anvil was removed through the perforation. The sigmoid colon was transected just distal to the perforation with an endoscopic linear stapler. The rectosigmoid segment to be resected was removed through the anus with a grasper, and distal transection was performed. A 25-mm circular stapler was inserted and combined with the anvil, and end-to-side intracorporeal anastomosis was then performed. Results: We performed the technique in 5 pigs. Anastomosis required an average of 12 minutes. We observed that the proximal and distal donuts were completely removed in all pigs. No anastomotic air leakage was observed in any of the animals. Conclusion: This study shows the efficacy and safety of intracorporeal anastomosis with the OrVil device after laparoscopic anterior resection.JSLS: Journal of the Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons / Society of Laparoendoscopic Surgeons 07/2014; 18(3). DOI:10.4293/JSLS.2014.00345 · 0.79 Impact Factor