trans-Dienelactone hydrolase from Pseudomonas reinekei MT1, a novel zinc-dependent hydrolase

Department of Microbial Pathogenesis, HZI-Helmholtz Centre for Infection Research, Inhoffenstr. 7, 38124 Braunschweig, Germany.
Biochemical and Biophysical Research Communications (Impact Factor: 2.28). 10/2008; 376(2):423-8. DOI: 10.1016/j.bbrc.2008.09.006
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Pseudomonas reinekei MT1 is capable of growing on 4- and 5-chlorosalicylate, involving a pathway with trans-dienelactone hydrolase (trans-DLH) as a key enzyme. It acts on 4-chloromuconolactone formed during cycloisomerization of 3-chloromuconate by hydrolyzing it to maleylacetate. The gene encoding this activity was localized, sequenced and expressed in Escherichia coli. Inductively coupled plasma mass spectrometry showed that both the wild-type as well as recombinant enzymes contained 2 moles of zinc but variable amounts of manganese/mol of protein subunit. The inactive metal-free apoenzyme could be reactivated by Zn(2+) or Mn(2+). Thus, trans-DLH is a Zn(2+)-dependent hydrolase using halosubstituted muconolactones and trans-dienelactone as substrates, where Mn(2+) can substitute for Zn(2+). It is the first member of COG1878 and PF04199 for which a direct physiological function has been reported.

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Available from: Howard Junca, Feb 28, 2014
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    ABSTRACT: Pseudomonasreinekei MT1 is capable of growing on 4- and 5-chlorosalicylate as the sole carbon source involving a pathway with trans-dienelactone hydrolase as the key enzyme. This enzyme transforms 4-chloromuconolactone to maleylacetate and thereby avoids the spontaneous formation of toxic protoanemonin. trans-Dienelactone hydrolase is a Zn(2+)-dependent hydrolase where activity can be modulated by the exchange of Zn(2+) by Mn(2+) in at least two of the three metal-binding sites. Site directed variants of conserved residues of the Q(101)XXXQ(105)XD(107)XXXH(111) motif and of H281 and E294 exhibit a two order of magnitude decrease in activity and a strong decrease in metal-binding capability. As none of the variants exhibited a change in secondary structure, the analyzed amino acid residues can be assumed to be involved in metal binding, forming a novel trinuclear metal-binding motif.
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