Performance of Personality Assessment Inventory and Rorschach Indices of Schizophrenia in a Public Psychiatric Hospital.

Psychological Services (Impact Factor: 1.08). 01/2004; 1(2):107-110. DOI: 10.1037/1541-1559.1.2.107

ABSTRACT The present study investigated the performance of indices of schizophrenia from the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI-SCZ; L. C. Morey, 1991) and Rorschach (Rorschach SCZI; J. E. Exner, 1993) in a heterogeneous sample of 24 inpatients at a public psychiatric hospital in the southeastern United States. Results indicated modest agreement between the PAI-SCZ and Rorschach SCZI. More important, the PAI-SCZ but not Rorschach SCZI reliably differentiated inpatients with schizophrenic-spectrum diagnoses from inpatients with other psychiatric diagnoses. In settings in which psychotic disorders falling outside the schizophrenic spectrum are common, the PAI-SCZ may be better suited than the Rorschach SCZI to aid in the differential diagnosis of schizophrenia. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

1 Bookmark
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The present study examined various Rorschach variables of aggression, dysphoric affect, and disordered thinking in relation to self-mutilation in samples of self-mutilating (SM; n=16) and nonself-mutilating (N-SM; n=26) adolescent inpatients. Categorical comparisons indicated that SM patients had significantly higher mean scores for Aggressive Past (AgPast), but not for Aggressive Content (AgC), Aggressive Movement (AG), Morbid Content (MOR), Inanimate Movement (m), Sum Shading (SumY), and the Perceptual-Thinking Index (PTI), than N-SM patients. Additionally, logistic regression results suggested that PTI and AgPast were the most robust predictors of group membership. The authors propose that self-mutilating adolescents may struggle with internally directed aggression and victimized sense of self that, when coupled with disordered thinking, significantly predicts self-mutilation.
    Bulletin of the Menninger Clinic 02/2008; 72(1):54-77. · 0.72 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this study, we compared the utility of three instruments, the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991), the Structured Inventory of Malingered Symptomatology (Smith & Burger, 1997), and the Structured Interview of Reported Symptoms (SIRS; Rogers, Bagby, & Dickens, 1992) to detect malingering among prisoners. We examined 4 inmate samples: (a) prisoners instructed to malinger, (b) "suspected malingerers" identified by psychiatric staff, (c) general population control inmates, and (d) psychiatric patients. Intercorrelations among the measures for the total sample (N = 115) were quite high, and receiver operating characteristic analyses suggested similar rates of overall predictive accuracy across the measures. Despite this, commonly recommended cut scores for these measures resulted in widely differing rates of sensitivity and specificity across the subsamples. Moreover, although all instruments performed well in the nonpsychiatric samples (i.e., simulators and controls), classification accuracy was noticeably poorer when attempting to differentiate between psychiatric patients and suspected malingerers, with only 2 PAI indicators significantly discriminating between them.
    Journal of Personality Assessment 02/2007; 88(1):33-42. · 1.29 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: This study contributes to the ongoing construct validation of the Personality Assessment Inventory (PAI; Morey, 1991 , 2007 ) by identifying nontest life-event correlates of the PAI full scales and subscales in a sample of psychiatric patients. The life-event data used in this study included education, marital status, and employment, as well as a history of suicide attempts, psychiatric hospitalizations, trauma, medical problems, hallucinations, paranoid ideation, drug abuse, alcohol abuse, and arrest. Correlations were calculated to explore the convergent and discriminant validity of the PAI scales relative to the life-event data. The results showed that the majority of the PAI scales (11 of 13) had meaningful correlations with at least 1 life-event variable. The PAI BOR scale had the greatest number of correlations and was associated with 8 life-event variables. In contrast, the PAI ANX and MAN scales had no correlations above a predetermined threshold (r ≥.21). These findings add to the growing body of empirical correlates of the PAI and generally provide support for the construct validity of the PAI scales.
    Journal of Personality Assessment 05/2012; 94(6):593-600. · 1.29 Impact Factor

Full-text (2 Sources)

Available from
May 22, 2014