A theory of objective self awareness.

ABSTRACT Considers the conditions which cause the consciousness to focus on the self as an object. The theory that self-awareness has motivational properties deriving from social feedback is discussed and considered with relation to conformity, attitude-behavior discrepancies, and communication sets. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A study with 85 spinal-cord-injured male inpatients (mean age at time of injury 33.2 yrs; mean time since injury 10 yrs) evaluated the relative contributions of physical vs psychological variables to Ss' long-term perceptions of themselves after injury and illustrated the usefulness of a multivariate analytic approach to research questions about these effects. LISREL examinations of predictors (e.g., education, physical activities) and outcomes were conducted. Although some variables (e.g., level of injury) have long been assumed to exert powerful effects on all areas of adjustment to injury, causal analyses in the present study indicated that Ss' long-term perceptions of physical/externally observed features were best predicted by the same sort of predictor; a similar correspondence was seen for psychological/internally observed perceptions and their predictors. For example, level of injury was a relatively strong predictor of Ss' perceptions of health and physical activity, while perceptions of pain, which are acknowledged to have a large psychological component, were best predicted by more psychological predictors (e.g., S's role in sustaining the injury, S's level of education). The present authors assert that their assessment of the location and degree of correspondence between predictors and outcomes along a physical-psychological dimension of experience in the present study would not have been possible without causal analysis. (16 ref) (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved)
    Rehabilitation Psychology 01/1985; 30(1):39. · 1.91 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: sScenario Management: An Interdisciplinary ApproachEditorial, Special Issue of IEEE Transactions on Software EngineeringEditorial, Special Issue of Requirements Engineering Journal3Introduction and OverviewA scenario can be defined as a description of a possible set of events that might reasonably takeplace. The purpose of scenarios is to stimulate thinking about possible occurrences, assumptionsrelating these occurrences, possible opportunities and risks, and courses of action....
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: A broad range of primes presented outside of awareness-ranging from emotional faces to people's first names-can influence the physiological mobilization of effort during active coping tasks. Who responds more strongly to implicit cues? Based on models of self-awareness, the present research examined how individual differences in self-focused attention influence sensitivity to nonconscious primes. Adults completed a challenging cognitive task in which two kinds of primes were presented (people's first names and words related to the task's difficulty). Trait self-focus significantly interacted with both primes to predict effort, measured as systolic blood pressure (SBP) reactivity. People high in trait self-focus had significantly higher SBP reactivity when primed with words that made the task seem more important (their first names) and harder (high difficulty words). These findings thus expand the evidence for motivational intensity theory's analysis of implicit processes.
    International journal of psychophysiology: official journal of the International Organization of Psychophysiology 03/2013; · 3.05 Impact Factor