A Theory of Objective Self-Awareness

01/1972; x.

ABSTRACT Considers the conditions which cause the consciousness to focus on the self as an object. The theory that self-awareness has motivational properties deriving from social feedback is discussed and considered with relation to conformity, attitude-behavior discrepancies, and communication sets. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

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    • "This study has a secondary objective: to highlight the association between selfconsciousness and the perceived effectiveness of road safety interventions. The concept of selfconsciousness (SC) describes the tendency of an individual to pay attention to themselves, to a greater or lesser extent, and, therefore, their awareness of their own characteristics (Duvall & Wicklund, 1972). This consciousness can be induced by the situation (self-awareness) or constitute a stable disposition (self-consciousness) and concerns internal elements not directly visible to an observer (attitudes, emotions, memories, knowledge etc.) as well as directly observable external elements (behavior, appearance). "
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    ABSTRACT: We consider road safety interventions to be potential sources of social influence, altering the intentions and behaviors of drivers when they are perceived by the latter as effective. We also consider that perceiving their effectiveness depends on drivers’ self-consciousness. 852 drivers replied to a questionnaire measuring dispositional self-consciousness, the perception of the effectiveness of 10 road safety interventions, and reported intentions and behaviors related to speeding and drinking and driving. The results revealed several phenomena: (1) interventions were perceived as related to penalty/surveillance or social communication (factor analysis); (2) the former were perceived as more effective than the latter; (3) the perceived effectiveness of road safety interventions was moderately correlated with intentions and behaviors; (4) this link was stronger for interventions of the penalty/surveillance type; (5) age, level of education, frequency of use of a vehicle and gender were moderately associated with the perception of these interventions; (6) self-consciousness (in particular its public dimension) had an additional positive association with this perceived effectiveness. These results are discussed from a practical and methodological point of view.
    Transportation Research Part F Traffic Psychology and Behaviour 10/2015; 34:29-40. DOI:10.1016/j.trf.2015.07.020 · 1.99 Impact Factor
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    • "( 1975 ) developed the SCS . The theory behind it was proposed by Mead ( 1934 ) and was further operationalized as the theory of objective self - awareness by Duval and Wicklund ( 1972 ) . The private and public self - consciousness constructs are distinguished based on the direction of the focus of one ' s own attention , i . "
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    ABSTRACT: This study examines how self-consciousness is defined and assessed using self-report questionnaires (Self-Consciousness Scale (SCS), Self-Reflection and Insight Scale, Self-Absorption Scale, Rumination-Reflection Questionnaire, and Philadelphia Mindfulness Scale). Authors of self-report measures suggest that self-consciousness can be distinguished by its private/public aspects, its adaptive/maladaptive applied characteristics, and present/past experiences. We examined these claims in a study using 602 young adults to whom the aforementioned scales were administered. Data were analyzed as follows: (1) correlation analysis to find simple associations between the measures; (2) factorial analysis using Oblimin rotation of total scores provided from the scales; and (3) factorial analysis considering the 102 items of the scales all together. It aimed to clarify relational patterns found in the correlations between SCSs, and to identify possible latent constructs behind these scales. Results support the adaptive/maladaptive aspects of self-consciousness, as well as distinguish to some extent public aspects from private ones. However, some scales that claimed to be theoretically derived from the concept of Private Self-Consciousness correlated with some of its public self-aspects. Overall, our findings suggest that while self-reflection measures tend to tap into past experiences and judged concepts that were already processed by the participants' inner speech and thoughts, the Awareness measure derived from Mindfulness Scale seems to be related to a construct associated with present experiences in which one is aware of without any further judgment or logical/rational symbolization. This sub-scale seems to emphasize the role that present experiences have in self-consciousness, and it is argued that such a concept refers to what has been studied by phenomenology and psychology over more than 100 years: the concept of pre-reflective self-conscious.
    Frontiers in Psychology 07/2015; 6:930. DOI:10.3389/fpsyg.2015.00930 · 2.80 Impact Factor
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    • "In the classic version of Objective Self-Awareness Theory, self-standards were treated as relatively stable (Duval and Wicklund 1972). In a situation of a large perceived discrepancy between the actual self and a self-standard, the person experiences emotional discomfort, which motivates them to make attempts to reduce the discrepancy. "
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    ABSTRACT: The paper is devoted to the therapeutic applications of theories and research concerning self-regulation issues. The key concept here is possible selves, defined as an element of self-knowledge that refers to what a person perceives as potentially possible. The main idea of using knowledge about possible selves in psychotherapy is based on their functions as standards in self-regulatory processes. The problem of the changeability of possible selves and self-standards is analyzed in the context of their role in behavior change. The paper also presents the assumptions of Self-System Therapy - a newly developed cognitive therapy for depression, drawing directly on self-regulation theory and research.
    International Journal of Mental Health and Addiction 05/2015; DOI:10.1007/s11469-015-9553-2 · 0.95 Impact Factor
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