Genome-wide identification and quantitative analysis of cleaved tRNA fragments induced by cellular stress.

Case Western Reserve University, United States
Journal of Biological Chemistry (Impact Factor: 4.6). 10/2012; DOI: 10.1074/jbc.M112.371799
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Certain stress conditions can induce cleavage of tRNAs around the anticodon loop via the use of the ribonuclease angiogenin. The cellular factors that regulate tRNA cleavage are not well known. In this study we used normal and eIF2α phosphorylation-deficient mouse embryonic fibroblasts (MEFs) and applied a microarray based methodology to identify and compare tRNA cleavage patterns in response to hypertonic stress, oxidative stress (arsenite) and treatment with recombinant angiogenin. In all three scenarios MEFs deficient in eIF2α phosphorylation showed a higher accumulation of tRNA fragments including those derived from initiator-tRNA(Met). We have shown that tRNA cleavage is regulated by the availability of angiogenin, its substrate (tRNA), the levels of the angiogenin inhibitor RNH1 and the rates of protein synthesis. These conclusions are supported by the following findings: (i) exogenous treatment with angiogenin or knockdown of RNH1 increased tRNA cleavage, (ii) tRNA fragment accumulation was higher during oxidative stress than hypertonic stress, in agreement with a dramatic decrease of RNH1 levels during oxidative stress and (iii) a positive correlation was observed between angiogenin-mediated tRNA cleavage and global protein synthesis rates. Identification of the stress-specific tRNA cleavage mechanisms and patterns will provide insights into the role of tRNA fragments in signaling pathways and stress related disorders.

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