Retroperitoneal lipoblastoma: A discussion of current management.
ABSTRACT Retroperitoneal lipoblastomas are rare tumors found in young pediatric patients. Despite their large size at presentation, complete resection is usually achieved with minimal complications. Diagnosis is typically made after pathologic examination of the operative specimen, and cytogenetic analysis may be a key component in differentiating lipoblastoma from other lipomatous tumors. We present one such case of a large, retroperitoneal lipoblastoma and discuss the management of this uncommon entity.
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ABSTRACT: While inguinal hernia is common in the primary care office, the differential diagnosis is extensive and includes infectious, inflammatory and neoplastic processes. Varicocele is another frequent, generally benign condition which occasionally reflects serious disease entities. Left-sided or bilateral varicoceles account for the overwhelming majority of varicoceles because the left gonadal vein drains into the left renal vein in contrast to the right gonadal vein, which drains directly into the inferior vena cava, thus making left-sided or bilateral venous congestion more likely. Presence of an uncommon unilateral right-sided varicocele thus warrants further radiological workup, in particular CT abdomen and pelvis, to evaluate for retroperitoneal pathology. We describe a case in which appropriate use of a variety of imaging modalities including testicular ultrasound and CT led to an important diagnosis of a large, well-differentiated liposarcoma in the right retroperitoneum of a patient with a right-sided groin mass.Case reports in radiology. 01/2013; 2013:187957.
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ABSTRACT: BACKGROUND: Lipoblastomas are rare, benign, soft tissue tumors that occur primarily in young children. Treatment includes complete excision and surveillance for recurrence. Lipoblastomas can be indistinguishable from other benign lipomatous tumors and liposarcomas. Cytogenetic analysis can provide the definitive diagnosis in questionable cases, because benign and malignant lipomatous tumors exhibit specific nonrandom cytogenetic abnormalities. The purpose of the present study was to discuss the disease management and outcomes in a large contemporary group of patients with lipoblastoma. MATERIALS AND METHODS: A retrospective chart review of patients diagnosed with lipoblastoma presenting from 2000-2011 was conducted. The data from these patients were compared with data from a previously published historical group of patients (1985-1999) from the same children's hospital. RESULTS: We identified 37 patients in the contemporary cohort group and compared them with 25 patients from the historical group. The tumor involvement sites were similar. The current cohort group had a lower recurrence rate, although this might have been underestimated owing to a shorter follow-up period (median 1.4 y, range 2 wk to 11.0 y). Preoperative imaging findings led to an incorrect diagnosis in 62% of the patients. Cytogenetic analysis was used to help determine the final diagnosis in 50% of the cases. In 39% of cases, translocations involved the long arm of chromosome 8, the most common anomaly in lipoblastoma. CONCLUSIONS: Lipoblastomas are rare tumors in young children that can be misclassified as other malignant or benign lipomatous tumors with markedly different outcomes and treatments. We recommend that cytogenetic analysis be routinely used for all pediatric lipomatous tumors to provide an accurate diagnosis and guide appropriate therapy and follow-up.Journal of Surgical Research 05/2013; · 2.12 Impact Factor