Life task participation and well-being: The importance of taking part in daily life.
ABSTRACT In this chapter, the authors describe a life-span perspective on well-being that posits that individuals' sustained participation in personally and culturally valued tasks that change across the life course enhances well-being, and in fact, such participation benefits individuals above and beyond the direct effects of both personal traits (e.g., extraversion)and tangible resources (e.g., wealth). The authors show that the type of participation matters, because the strength of the link between participation and well-being depends on the specific tasks on which individuals are working. Well-being may also, however, depend on the presence of various social, personal, and tangible resources that increase individuals' likelihood of participating in various tasks. The authors describe the role of these resources in keeping individuals vigilant about finding new ways to participate and thereby gain well-being, in facilitating intense participation, and in motivating continued participation. Finally, they show that because not only the opportunities for participation but also the value various subcultures place on specific types of tasks change across the life span, individuals need to be able to adapt to these changing opportunities in order to experience well-being. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
SourceAvailable from: Carrie LeanaThe Academy of Management Annals 02/2015; DOI:10.1080/19416520.2015.1007654 · 7.33 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: This study focused on current life circumstances, previous life events, and engagement with productive and enjoyable activities. It examined the association of these variables with mental health problems and mood in a cohort of young adults with Down syndrome. Participants were 49 adults with Down syndrome (age range 20-31 years) and their parents/carers. Adults with Down syndrome completed standardized language assessments, were screened for possible mental health disorders by a psychologist using the Mini Psychiatric Assessment Schedule for Adults with a Developmental Disability, and/or were seen by a psychiatrist with expertise in dual diagnosis. Parents/carers completed measures of adaptive behavior, life events, mood, participation in activities, and psychosocial engagement with these activities. Fifteen participants (30.6%) received a psychiatric diagnosis of a mental health disorder, of which 7 were diagnosed with Depression (14.3% of the sample). Analysis of differences between 3 groups-those without a diagnosis, those with a diagnosis of Depression, and those with a mental health disorder that was not Depression-identified few differences. Although groups did not differ on the participation measure, there was a significant difference between those with no diagnosis and those with a diagnosis of Depression with respect to psychological engagement. Depressed adults were less engaged in their daily activities.Journal of Mental Health Research in Intellectual Disabilities 06/2014; 7(3):229-245. DOI:10.1080/19315864.2013.842622
Article: The Happiness Workout[Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
ABSTRACT: This study tests for causality from exercise and physical activity to life satisfaction (LS) by applying an instrumental variable approach with the respondents' perceived benefits of exercise participation as instruments. Using data across 25 countries from the Eurobarometer survey, our results confirm the positive association between exercise and LS. In terms of causality, the results indicate that being active increases LS for both gender, though more for men than women. One main reason for this relationship is that exercise is perceived as being pleasurable, something that policy-makers should keep in mind when designing programmes to get us off the sofa.Social Indicators Research 12/2013; 119(3):1363-1377. DOI:10.1007/s11205-013-0543-0 · 1.26 Impact Factor