Life task participation and well-being: The importance of taking part in daily life

Well-being: The foundations of hedonic psychology 01/1999;


In this chapter, the authors describe a life-span perspective on well-being that posits that individuals' sustained participation in personally and culturally valued tasks that change across the life course enhances well-being, and in fact, such participation benefits individuals above and beyond the direct effects of both personal traits (e.g., extraversion)and tangible resources (e.g., wealth). The authors show that the type of participation matters, because the strength of the link between participation and well-being depends on the specific tasks on which individuals are working. Well-being may also, however, depend on the presence of various social, personal, and tangible resources that increase individuals' likelihood of participating in various tasks. The authors describe the role of these resources in keeping individuals vigilant about finding new ways to participate and thereby gain well-being, in facilitating intense participation, and in motivating continued participation. Finally, they show that because not only the opportunities for participation but also the value various subcultures place on specific types of tasks change across the life span, individuals need to be able to adapt to these changing opportunities in order to experience well-being. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

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    • "In contrast, temperament theories propose that there is a direct link between personality and affect that does not arise from life events or life experiences. Many of these theories link extroversion and neuroticism to affect through reward and punishment psychobiological systems (e.g., Cantor and Sanderson 1999; Carver and Scheier 1990). In addition to personality, SWB has also been found to be influenced by life circumstances and external environmental influences such as marital status (Diener et al. 2000), culture (Oishi and Schimmack 2010; Triandis and Suh 2002) and income (Diener et al. 2010; Kahneman and Deaton 2010). "
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    ABSTRACT: This study explored whether the university environment provides similar well-being enhancing elements to those that have been found in the workplace and school contexts. Whether psychological inflexibility accounts for well-being over and above personality and environmental influences was also explored. A representative sample of 163 undergraduate university students in an Australian university completed an online survey measuring the key constructs. Environmental influences assessed included financial resources, physical security, opportunity to use new skills, externally generated goals, variety, environmental clarity, interpersonal contact, and valued social position. Hierarchical multiple linear regression analyses were then conducted to test for predictors of three domains of subjective well-being: positive affect, negative affect, and life satisfaction. The results suggested that university context contributes significantly to undergraduate students’ well-being by providing a valued social role, externally generated goals, and variety. Students’ perception of their physical security was also an important influence on their well-being. These results are consistent with the literature on well-being and employment. Neuroticism significantly predicted negative affect, while psychological inflexibility accounted for unique variance in life satisfaction and negative affect even when personality and environmental influences were taken into account. The implications of these findings for enhancing undergraduate university students’ well-being are discussed.
    08/2015; 5(1). DOI:10.1186/s13612-015-0033-z
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    • "People travel for various reasons, such as for recreation, tourism, religiouspilgrimages, mission trips andbusiness travel. One of the general reasons for travelling is to participate in activities, which, in turn, provide a sense of well-being (Cantor & Sanderson, 1999). In addition, tourists tend to seek for the expectation of the benefits gain from the travel (Moutinho et al., 2011) and the optimal arousal which bring them the satisfaction of tourism. "

    05/2015; 7(3). DOI:10.5539/ijms.v7n3p84
    • "MPSEs have the potential to serve as a determinant to assist goal-directed behavior that increases psychological involvement in an activity (Funk, Jordan, et al., 2011). In particular, intrinsically motivated goals provide a sense of meaning to daily life and maintain an individual's affect system, which both are likely to enhance well-being (Cantor & Sanderson, 1999; Diener et al., 1999). Therefore, preparation for and participation in MPSEs may influence an individual's QOL by enhancing psychological involvement in the activity. "
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    ABSTRACT: Drawing upon bottom-up theory of life satisfaction, this study develops and tests a model that links physically active leisure to people's quality of life. Results from a sample of 827 running event participants revealed that satisfaction with event participation and psychological involvement in running were significant predictors of participants’ life domain satisfaction and overall life satisfaction, both of which are common subjective indicators of quality of life. Conversely, behavioral involvement in running was a non-significant predictor of life domain satisfaction and overall life satisfaction. These findings suggest that physically active leisure may enhance participants’ quality of life by providing positive experiences through event participation and contributing to psychological involvement in physical activity.
    Leisure Sciences 05/2014; 36(3). DOI:10.1080/01490400.2014.886912 · 1.07 Impact Factor
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