Life task participation and well-being: The importance of taking part in daily life.
ABSTRACT In this chapter, the authors describe a life-span perspective on well-being that posits that individuals' sustained participation in personally and culturally valued tasks that change across the life course enhances well-being, and in fact, such participation benefits individuals above and beyond the direct effects of both personal traits (e.g., extraversion)and tangible resources (e.g., wealth). The authors show that the type of participation matters, because the strength of the link between participation and well-being depends on the specific tasks on which individuals are working. Well-being may also, however, depend on the presence of various social, personal, and tangible resources that increase individuals' likelihood of participating in various tasks. The authors describe the role of these resources in keeping individuals vigilant about finding new ways to participate and thereby gain well-being, in facilitating intense participation, and in motivating continued participation. Finally, they show that because not only the opportunities for participation but also the value various subcultures place on specific types of tasks change across the life span, individuals need to be able to adapt to these changing opportunities in order to experience well-being. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
- SourceAvailable from: Petra AnicPsihologijske Teme 04/2013; 22(1):135-153.
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ABSTRACT: In this paper we explain how practice, prior knowledge and task difficulty interact to affect demand for hedonic experiences. As predicted by the human capital model, we propose that the key determinant of demand for hedonic experiences is the increase in performance efficiency that can be gained through practice. In addition, we argue that the nature of the effect of practice is distinctly different in hedonic consumption, compared to utilitarian consumption. Specifically, for hedonic experiences, practice allows consumers to extract greater value within a given period of time, rather than reduce the amount of time spent on a (utilitarian) task. Finally, we argue that if changes in performance efficiency across repeated hedonic experiences adhere to the power law of practice, then both prior knowledge and task difficulty will be important moderators of the main effect of practice on demand. These predictions are tested in two experiments that use an online panel to examine consumer demand for videogames. KeywordsExperience–Power law of practice–Human capital model–Videogames–Internet–Hedonic products–Utilitarian–Prior knowledge–Decision makingJournal of the Academy of Marketing Science 01/2011; 39(3):376-391. · 2.67 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Intrinsic motivation occurs due to positive reactions that arise directly from engagement in work activities. Scholars have asserted that intrinsic motivation plays an important role in organizational phenomena such as creativity (George, 2007), leadership (Piccolo & Colquitt, 2006), and performance (Gagné & Deci, 2005). We review the research literature on intrinsic motivation and provide an overview and integration of the leading theories. We then develop a conceptual model in which positive affect serves as a primary cause of intrinsic motivation. We discuss how affect alone may induce intrinsic motivation, how affect may lead to nonconscious experiences of intrinsic motivation, and how affect and cognitions may work in concert to produce the strongest and most persistent intrinsic motivation experiences. We conclude by suggesting new avenues for research that might be pursued using this cognitive–affective model of intrinsic motivation.Research in Personnel and Human Resources Management 07/2011; 30:73-114.