Coping skills, strengths, and needs as perceived by adult offspring and siblings of people with mental illness: A retrospective study.
ABSTRACT Examined coping skills, needs, and self-perceived strengths gathered through subjective interview data with 10 adult offspring and 10 adult siblings (all Ss aged 27–56 yrs) of people with mental illness (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or major depression). Distinctions were made between positive and negative coping skills, and several themes in coping skills were reported, including constructive escape, seeking support, objectifying the illness, acquiring information, spiritual faith, internalization of emotions, self-censoring behavior, and self-isolation. Four themes also emerged from interview data regarding needs: information or explanation, support groups, individual attention and attention to emotions, and inclusion in the treatment process. All Ss had perceived themselves to have grown in a positive way from their experiences, despite the adversities they had endured. Self-perceived strengths reported include independence or self-reliance, ability to create, empathy, resiliency, assertiveness, and spiritual and life perspective. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)
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ABSTRACT: The experiences of women with severe mental illness warrant particular consideration to identify the strategies they use to facilitate recovery. This review systematically examined women's experiences of psychosis and bipolar disorder. Following an extensive database search, 13 studies met inclusion criteria. Noblit and Hare's metasynthesis approach was used to synthesise these qualitative studies exploring the experiences of 250 women, of which 78 (31.2%) were also mothers. Twelve sub-ordinate themes were identified and categorised into three overarching themes: 1) women's beliefs about illness, 2) perceived consequences of illness, and 3) strategies used to cope with illness. Contextual factors and spiritual beliefs were found to be important in these women's illness appraisals. Women incorporated diagnosis-related information into illness models if it was concordant with their existing beliefs. Women reported negative illness consequences relating to stigma, loss of self-determination and changes to relationships. They employed various strategies in order to cope with illness. Barriers to strategy use and clinical recommendations are presented.BMC Psychiatry 12/2014; 14(1):281. DOI:10.1186/s12888-014-0281-0 · 2.24 Impact Factor