Coping skills, strengths, and needs as perceived by adult offspring and siblings of people with mental illness: A retrospective study.

Psychiatric Rehabilitation Journal (Impact Factor: 1.16). 09/1996; DOI: 10.1037/h0095388

ABSTRACT Examined coping skills, needs, and self-perceived strengths gathered through subjective interview data with 10 adult offspring and 10 adult siblings (all Ss aged 27–56 yrs) of people with mental illness (schizophrenia, bipolar disorder, or major depression). Distinctions were made between positive and negative coping skills, and several themes in coping skills were reported, including constructive escape, seeking support, objectifying the illness, acquiring information, spiritual faith, internalization of emotions, self-censoring behavior, and self-isolation. Four themes also emerged from interview data regarding needs: information or explanation, support groups, individual attention and attention to emotions, and inclusion in the treatment process. All Ss had perceived themselves to have grown in a positive way from their experiences, despite the adversities they had endured. Self-perceived strengths reported include independence or self-reliance, ability to create, empathy, resiliency, assertiveness, and spiritual and life perspective. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The study attempts to explore resilience and its correlates among the offsprings of parents with schizophrenia. A sample of 45 adults with one parent diagnosed with schizophrenia was selected using a purposive sampling. They were assessed using Socio-demographic data sheet, Connor Davidson Resilience Scale, The Coping Checklist, Assessment of Social Support, Six-Factor Self-Concept Scale and Internal- External Locus of Control Scale. The findings of the study show that majority of the offsprings reported medium (60 %) resilience, 24 % and 15 % reported high and low resilience respectively. High and medium resilient group had internal locus of control, engaged in coping mechanisms such as acceptance, religious coping, problem solving, and seeking social support; had positive self concept such as likeability, task accomplishment, giftedness and morality, more satisfaction with emotional support and less non utilization of support compared to low resilient group. The study highlights that majority of the offsprings were resilient and that the factors associated with resilience are presence of good support system, use of problem focused coping strategies and having positive self concept. The results endorse the importance of addressing the above said factors in interventions involving offsprings of parents with schizophrenia.
    Psychological Studies 01/2013; 58(1).
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Aim: This paper provides a review of published qualitative research on children’s experiences of parental mental illness. Methods: We undertook a comprehensive search of MEDLINE, PsycINFO, CINAHL, Sociological Abstracts and ASSIA databases, as well as citation searches in ISI Web of Science and manual searches of other relevant journals and reference lists of primary papers. Results: Although twenty studies met the search criteria, only ten focused exclusively on children’s descriptions of their experience—the remainder elicited adults’ perspectives on their childhoods with a mentally ill parent. Findings are organized under three themes: the impact of illness on children’s daily life; how children cope with their experiences; and how children understand mental illness. Conclusions: Despite references to pervasive knowledge gaps in the literature, significant information has been accumulated about children’s experiences of parental mental illness. considerable variability in research findings and tensions remain unresolved. For example, evidence is mixed as to children’s knowledge and understanding of mental illnesses and how best to deploy resources to help them acquire optimal information. Furthermore, children’s perceptions of wanting to play an important role in their parents’ well-being conflicts with adults’ desires to protect them from this responsibility. Nevertheless, the cumulative evidence remains a key reason for advocating for psychoeducation and peer support group interventions for children—these are endorsed by both children and adults.
    Early Intervention in Psychiatry 01/2011; 5:271-289. · 1.65 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Parental mental illness has been found to have an impact on offsprings in their emotional, social, and behavioral aspects of life. To examine the experiences of offsprings of a parent having schizophrenia and to study their resilience. A sample of 45 adults with one parent diagnosed with schizophrenia was selected using purposive sampling. Subjects were assessed using socio-demographic data sheet, semi-structured interview schedule, and Connor-Davidson Resilience Scale. The experiences perceived by them as different from children of healthy parents included negative experiences in social (49%) and emotional aspects (40%), lack of support from the parent who is ill (40%), and burden (66%) in various areas. Majority of the offsprings were satisfied with the parenting received (70%). About 60% of them reported medium resilience, and 24% and 15% reported high and low resilience, respectively. Majority of those with medium and high resilience had supportive relationship with other family members. Social support was the most frequently reported factor that helped them to cope with difficulties. Growing up with a parent having mental illness can have negative impact on offsprings. However, it can also have positive effects in terms of developing resilience in the presence of good support system.
    Indian Journal of Psychological Medicine 04/2013; 35(2):148-53.