Article

Updated survival analyses after prolonged follow-up of the phase 2, multicenter CREST study of bortezomib in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma

St Vincent's Comprehensive Cancer Center, New York, NY 10011, USA.
British Journal of Haematology (Impact Factor: 4.96). 10/2008; 143(4):537-40. DOI: 10.1111/j.1365-2141.2008.07359.x
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT The Clinical Response and Efficacy Study of Bortezomib in the Treatment of Relapsing Multiple Myeloma (CREST) demonstrated substantial activity with two dose levels of bortezomib (1.0 and 1.3 mg/m(2)), alone or with dexamethasone, in relapsed or refractory multiple myeloma. We present updated survival analyses after prolonged follow-up (median >5 years). One- and 5-year survival rates were 82% and 32%, respectively, in the 1.0 mg/m(2) group (n = 28), and 81% and 45%, respectively, in the 1.3 mg/m(2) group (n = 26). Notable survival, response, and time-to-progression data suggest that a bortezomib starting dose of 1.3 mg/m(2) is preferred. If bortezomib dose reduction is required, the 1.0 mg/m(2) dose still offers patients a substantial survival benefit.

Full-text

Available from: Dixie Esseltine, May 29, 2015
0 Followers
 · 
63 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: The observational study was aimed at evaluating response, survival and toxicity of bortezomib-based, case-adjusted regimens in real-life therapy of 708 relapsed/refractory MM patients. Bortezomib was combined with anthracyclines, steroids, thalidomide, alkylators or given in monotherapy. The ORR was 67.9% for refractory and 69.9% for relapsed MM. The median PFS was 14 months and OS 57 months. Patients responding to the therapy had the probability of a 4-year OS at 67.0%. No toxicity was noted in 33.1% of patients. Severe events (grade 3/4) were reported in 35.9% of patients: neurotoxicity (16.7%), neutropenia (9.2%), thrombocytopenia (8.5%), and infections (6.5%). Bortezomib-based, case-adjusted regimens are in real-life practice effective in salvage therapy offering reliable survival with acceptable toxicity for relapsed/refractory MM patients.
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Bortezomib-dexamethasone is widely used for relapsed myeloma in routine clinical practice, but comparative data versus single-agent bortezomib are lacking. This retrospective analysis compared second-line treatment with bortezomib-dexamethasone and bortezomib using 109 propensity score-matched pairs of patients treated in three clinical trials: MMY-2045, APEX, and DOXIL-MMY-3001. Propensity scores were estimated using logistic regression analyses incorporating 13 clinical variables related to drug exposure or clinical outcome. Patients received intravenous bortezomib 1.3 mg/m2 on days 1, 4, 8, and 11, in 21-day cycles, alone or with oral dexamethasone 20 mg on the days of/after bortezomib dosing. Median bortezomib cumulative dose (27.02 and 28.60 mg/m2) and treatment duration (19.6 and 17.6 weeks) were similar with bortezomib-dexamethasone and bortezomib, respectively. The overall response rate was higher (75% versus 41%, odds ratio =3.467, P<0.001), and median time-to-progression (13.6 versus 7.0 months, hazard ratio [HR]=0.394, P=0.003) and progression-free survival (11.9 versus 6.4 months, HR=0.595, P=0.051) were longer with bortezomib-dexamethasone versus bortezomib, respectively. Rates of any-grade adverse events, most common grade ≥3 adverse events, and discontinuations due to adverse events appeared similar between the groups. Two patients per group died of treatment-related adverse events. These data indicate the potential benefit of bortezomib-dexamethasone compared with single-agent bortezomib at first relapse in myeloma. The MMY-2045 (NCT00908232), APEX (NCT00048230), and DOXIL-MMY-3001 (NCT00103506) clinical trials were all registered with ClinicalTrials.gov.
    Haematologica 09/2014; DOI:10.3324/haematol.2014.112037 · 5.87 Impact Factor
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Over the past decade, the proteasome inhibitor bortezomib (Velcade) has not only gained a cornerstone position in the treatment of hematological malignancies, particularly multiple myeloma and mantle cell lymphoma, but also in experimental therapeutics of acute leukemia. However, the therapeutic efficacy of bortezomib is hampered by the emergence of acquired resistance, for which multifactorial mechanisms have been identified. This review summarizes the current status of the molecular mechanisms underlying resistance to proteasome inhibitors that emerged in preclinical therapeutic studies, and discusses these findings in the clinical perspective of novel therapeutic modalities of hematological malignancies. The specific topics that will be addressed in the current review include the recently established mechanisms of resistance to proteasome inhibitors: the role of constitutive and immunoproteasomes, mutations in proteasome subunits, unfolded protein response, XBP1 and MARCKS proteins, multidrug efflux transporters, aggresomes and autophagy, as well as the impact of pro-survival signaling pathways and bone marrow microenvironment. The growing knowledge of the determinants that confer bortezomib resistance and/or toxicity has provided the basis for the rational development of second generation proteasome inhibitors, some of which were recently approved or that are undergoing clinical evaluation as novel strategies to overcome bortezomib resistance as well as to enhance clinical therapeutic efficacy along with minimal side effects. Collectively, these combined approaches should enhance therapeutic efficacy and outcome in patients with hematological malignancies.
    Drug Resistance Updates 12/2014; 18. DOI:10.1016/j.drup.2014.12.001 · 8.82 Impact Factor