The study of culture, ethnicity, and race in American Psychology

American Psychologist (Impact Factor: 6.87). 05/1993; 48(6):629-637. DOI: 10.1037/0003-066X.48.6.629


The study of culture and related concerns, such as ethnicity and race, in American psychology are examined. First, the conceptual confusion and ways in which culture, ethnicity, and race are used as explanatory factors for intergroup differences in psychological phenomena are discussed. Second, ways in which to study culture in mainstream psychology and to enhance hypothesis testing and theory in cross-cultural psychology are illustrated. Finally, the importance of examining sociocultural variables and considering theory in ethnic minority research is addressed. In general, it is proposed that by including theory, conceptualizing, and measuring cultural and related variables, mainstream, cross-cultural, and ethnic research can advance the understanding of culture in psychology as well as the generality of principles and the cultural sensitivity of applications. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

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    • "This paper explains the cultural theoretical framework behind the study and explores the cultural aspects of one Pakistani family business. Okazaki and Sue (1995) suggest there is no single, universally accepted definition of ethnicity , race or culture, and that these terms are often used interchangeably (Betancourt and Lopez, 1993). Eaton (1980:160) defines ethnic status as an easily identifiable characteristic that implies a common cultural history with others possessing the same characteristic . "
    12/2015; 4(1). DOI:10.1186/s13731-014-0013-1
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    • "location (Betancourt & Lopez, 1993). The increasing diversity of the U.S. populace raises timely questions regarding links among race, ethnicity, and statistical models of PTSD (reviewed in Pole et al., 2008). "
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    ABSTRACT: The severity of posttraumatic stress disorder (PTSD) symptoms is linked to race and ethnicity, albeit with contradictory findings (reviewed in Alcántara, Casement, & Lewis-Fernández, 2013; Pole, Gone, & Kulkarni, 2008). We systematically examined Caucasian (n = 3,767) versus non-Caucasian race (n = 2,824) and Hispanic (n = 2,395) versus non-Hispanic ethnicity (n = 3,853) as candidate moderators of PTSD's 5-factor model structural parameters (Elhai et al., 2013). The sample was drawn from the National Child Traumatic Stress Network's Core Data Set, currently the largest national data set of clinic-referred children and adolescents exposed to potentially traumatic events. Using confirmatory factor analysis, we tested the invariance of PTSD symptom structural parameters by race and ethnicity. Chi-square difference tests and goodness-of-fit values showed statistical equivalence across racial and ethnic groups in the factor structure of PTSD and in mean item-level indicators of PTSD symptom severity. Results support the structural invariance of PTSD's 5-factor model across the compared racial and ethnic groups. Furthermore, results indicated equivalent item-level severity across racial and ethnic groups; this supports the use of item-level comparisons across these groups. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2015 APA, all rights reserved).
    Psychological Trauma Theory Research Practice and Policy 07/2015; 7(5). DOI:10.1037/tra0000068 · 2.31 Impact Factor
    • "Mexican-Americans, Puerto Ricans), differences in SES, or within group differences in cultural values. Thus, we believe, as do others (Betancourt and Lopez, 1993) that research on HEs should measure cultural values and SES directly rather than use ethnicity to make predictions. For example, even though Hispanics are, on average, more collective than Anglos, this finding does not mean that all Hispanics are collective (Marin and Marin, 1991). "
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    ABSTRACT: We use an existing model of entrepreneurship (Baron & Henry, 2011) to understand and explain the factors related to the behaviors of Hispanic entrepreneurs. We propose testable hypotheses to guide future research.
    Journal of Managerial Psychology 12/2014; DOI:10.1108/JMP-11-2012-0333 · 1.25 Impact Factor
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