"Their Ideas of Beauty Are, on the Whole, the Same as Ours": Consistency and Variability in the Cross-Cultural Perception of Female Physical Attractiveness

Journal of Personality and Social Psychology (Impact Factor: 5.08). 01/1995; 68(2):261-279. DOI: 10.1037/0022-3514.68.2.261

ABSTRACT The consistency of physical attractiveness ratings across cultural groups was examined. In Study 1, recently arrived native Asian and Hispanic students and White Americans rated the attractiveness of Asian, Hispanic, Black, and White photographed women. The mean correlation between groups in attractiveness ratings was
r = .93. Asians, Hispanics, and Whites were equally influenced by many facial features, but Asians were less influenced by some sexual maturity and expressive features. In Study 2, Taiwanese attractiveness ratings correlated with prior Asian, Hispanic, and American ratings, mean
r = .91. Supporting Study 1, the Taiwanese also were less positively influenced by certain sexual maturity and expressive features. Exposure to Western media did not influence attractiveness ratings in either study. In Study 3, Black and White American men rated the attractiveness of Black female facial photos and body types. Mean facial attractiveness ratings were highly correlated (
r = .94), but as predicted Blacks and Whites varied in judging bodies. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

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Available from: Alan Roberts, Dec 02, 2014
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    • "Moreover, global media shapes concepts of beauty through continually exposing audiences to certain looks that then mould perceptions of beauty and attractiveness, largely within a limited western framework.[34] Concepts of beauty that apply consistently across society include attributes such as large eyes, prominent cheekbones, full lips, shaped eye-brows, and a petite nose and chin.[35] The almost universal desire for such qualities suggests similar criteria for judging beauty.[36] "
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    • "For example, small chins are positively correlated with attractiveness (Cunningham, 1986; Cunningham, Roberts, & Wu, 1995). Moreover, in traditional Asian cultures , a small mouth, thin lips, and a small smile are considered highly attractive (Cunningham et al., 1995; Dalby, 1983). In Experiment 2, we modified the size of mouth similar to the method used in Experiment 1, and once again, we asked participants to select the photograph that looked most like the real face (self or other). "
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    ABSTRACT: Many people complain that they do not photograph well. In the present study, we hypothesised that the self-face is memorized more beautifully than reality, which may result in reports of being not photogenic. We took photographs of students who were in the same university course and were familiar with one another. We then magnified or shrunk the size of their eyes (Experiment 1; N = 10) and their mouths (Experiment 2; N = 10). We asked the students to select the picture that seemed most like their classmates’ real faces or their own real face. The results showed that there were significant differences between memories of their own and others’ faces. Participants selected their classmates’ real faces to a greater degree than the modified faces. However, participants tended to select pictures of themselves with magnified eyes and shrunken mouths more often than for their classmates. In Experiment 3 (N = 22), more male participants were included and the influence of gender and mirror-reversed images were examined. We found that there were no significant differences across gender, and the mirror reversal did not change the participants’ selections. The bias of self-face recognition may reflect different memory processes for the self and others.
    Perception 09/2014; 5(3):176-187. DOI:10.1068/i0634 · 1.11 Impact Factor
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    • "A popular axiom concerning physical attractiveness says: " There is no standard for beauty, and it is all a personal perception. " Recent scientific studies revealed, however, that attractiveness ratings showed high degree of agreement among groups of raters belonging to the same culture and even across cultures and generations [1] [2] [3] [4] [5] [6] [7] [8] [9] [10] [11]. Such findings imply there may exist facial features that contribute one's general attractiveness consistently. "
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    ABSTRACT: Facial attractiveness has long been argued upon varied emphases by philosophers, artists, psychologists and biologists. A number of studies empirically investigated how facial attractiveness was influenced by 2D facial characteristics, such as symmetry, averageness and golden ratio. However, few implementations of facial beauty assessment were based on 3D facial features. The purpose of this paper is to propose a novel cluster assessment system for facial attractiveness that is characterized by the incorporation of 3D geometric Moiré features with an adjusted fuzzy neural network (FNN). We first extract 3D facial features from images acquired by a 3dMD scanner. Seven Moiré features are employed to represent a 3D facial image. The FNN classifier, taking the Moiré features as the parameters, is then trained and validated against independently conducted attractiveness ratings. A number of diverse referees were invited and offered their attractiveness ratings over a five-item Likert scale for 100 female facial images. The proposed assessment presents a high accuracy rate of 90%, and the area under curve (AUC) computed from the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve is 0.95. The results show that the perceptions of facial attractiveness are essentially consensus among raters, and can be mathematically modeled through supervised learning techniques. The high accuracy achieved proves that the proposed FNN classifier can serve as a general, automated and human-like judgment tool for objective classification of female facial attractiveness, and thus has potential applications to the entertainment industry, cosmetic industry, virtual media, and plastic surgery.
    Pattern Recognition 03/2014; 47(3):1249–1260. DOI:10.1016/j.patcog.2013.09.007 · 2.58 Impact Factor
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