Non-resonant z-scan characterization of the third-order nonlinear optical properties of conjugated poly(thiophene azines).
ABSTRACT The nonlinear optical properties of a functionalized poly(thiophene azine), namely, poly(3,4-didodecylthiophene azine), PAZ, at the optical telecommunication wavelength of 1550 nm are investigated by means of the closed-aperture z-scan technique in both thin films and solutions. Values of chi((3))=(2.4+/-0.4)x10(-13) esu, n(2)=(4.0+/-0.7)x10(-15) cm(2) W(-1), and gamma=(4.5+/-0.7)x10(-34) esu are estimated for the third-order (Kerr) susceptibility, the intensity-dependent refractive index, and the molecular second hyperpolarizability of solution samples, respectively. A very small dependence on the polymer chain length is found. Markedly higher values of (4.4+/-1.1)x10(-11) esu, (6.6+/-1.0)x10(-13) cm(2) W(-1), and (5.0+/-0.8)x10(-33) esu are measured for the corresponding quantities in thick (up to 20 mum) polymer films cast on quartz plates. The enhancement of the NLO responses on going from solution to solid samples is attributed to a partially ordered structure and to the presence of interchain interactions leading to greater pi-electron delocalization in the cast polymer films. The results are compared with those previously obtained by using third-harmonic generation (THG), taking into account that those data were measured under conditions of three-photon resonance, whereas our z-scan measurements are fully off-resonance.
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ABSTRACT: We report on investigation of nonlinear optical phenomena in nanocrystalline diamond prepared by microwave plasma enhanced chemical vapour deposition. We observed the upconverted photoluminescence, the second and the third harmonic generation and Z-scan signal. The value of the third order nonlinear susceptibility was estimated. Our results show that nonlinear optical properties of nanocrystalline diamond have many features of the bulk diamond affected to some extent by the presence of grain boundaries.Optics Express 01/2010; 18(2):1349-57. · 3.55 Impact Factor
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