p16 immunohistochemistry as an alternative marker to distinguish atypical lipomatous tumor from deep-seated lipoma.
ABSTRACT Atypical lipomatous tumor (ALT)/well-differentiated liposarcoma (WDLPS) is a locally aggressive malignant mesenchymal neoplasm, resembling ordinary lipoma in many clinical aspects. This study investigates the value of expression of p16, an important cell cycle regulator, alone or in combination with MDM2, to distinguish the 2 entities. Fifty cases of lipomatous neoplasms, with cytogenetic results, from 45 patients were collected from the archives in Department of Pathology, University of Medicine and Dentistry of New Jersey/New Jersey Medical School during 1998 to 2006. These include 18 cases of deep-seated lipoma, 1 hibernoma, 1 lipoblastoma, and 30 cases of ALT/WDLPS. p16 was detected in 25/30 (83.3%) of ALT/WDLPS, and none (0/18) of the deep-seated lipomas (P<0.0000001, Fisher exact test). MDM2 was detected in 18/30 (60%) of ALT/WDLPS, and was negative in 0/18 of the deep-seated lipomas (P<0.0001, Fisher exact test). Combined together, 27/30 (90%) of ALT/WDLPS showed positive staining of either p16, MDM2, or both, whereas no staining was observed in all the deep-seated lipomas (P<0.0000001, Fisher exact test). The single case of hibernoma and lipoblastoma revealed p16+MDM2- phenotype. These results indicated that p16 is yet another marker which seems to be a valuable marker to differentiate ALT/WDLPS from deep-seated lipomas.
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ABSTRACT: Liposarcoma is the most common soft tissue malignant tumor. It mostly arises in the subcutaneous tissue of shoulders, limbs and neck, and retroperitoneal space, but head occurrence is very rare. Atypical lipomatous tumor (ALT) is a well-differentiated liposarcoma (WDLPS) and constitutes 40-45% of all liposarcoma cases. A case of 57-year-old woman with a tumor of the left cheek, causing a discreet face asymmetry is presented. The tumor was soft and caused no tenderness. The patient reported no previous injury of the region. Fine-needle aspiration biopsy (FNAB) revealed atypical cells suspected of liposarcoma. MR examination showed fascicles of adipose tissue, which made the left cheek prominent. The patient was operated under general anaesthesia. Adipose tissue of the left cheek was removed. Postoperative course was uneventful. The final histopathological diagnosis - was atypical lipomatous tumor/well-differentiated liposarcoma (ALT/WDLPS). The patient remains under laryngological care. No recurrence of the disease has been observed during the 5 years follow-up.Otolaryngologia polska. The Polish otolaryngology 07/2013; 67(4):218-21. DOI:10.1016/j.otpol.2012.06.022
- Journal of Pelvic Medicine and Surgery 01/2009; 15(6):467-470. DOI:10.1097/SPV.0b013e3181c62e50
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ABSTRACT: We studied 5 cases of dedifferentiated liposarcoma with meningothelial-like whorls and metaplastic bone formation, assessing morphology and immunohistochemical expression of a panel of antigens (CDK4, MDM2, and p16 proteins, desmin, smooth muscle actin, h-caldesmon, CD34, AE1/AE3, epithelial membrane antigen, claudin-1, S100 protein, CD21, CD35, CD117, β-catenin, vimentin, and MIB1). The specimens were from the retroperitoneum (3), pelvis (1) or paratesticular region (1), and all 5 specimens comprised exclusively or predominantly dedifferentiated liposarcoma. All 5 dedifferentiated liposarcomas showed prominent metaplastic bone, 3 produced cartilage, and 1 also had osteosarcomatous tissue. The whorls comprised concentric distributions of spindle or epithelioid cells. All cases expressed smooth muscle actin, 3 strongly, whereas 4 cases showed at least focal claudin-1 positivity. In all cases, the whorls expressed at least 2 of CDK4, MDM2, and p16. The presence of 2 morphologic subsets and the immunohistochemical findings suggest that the whorls in these dedifferentiated liposarcomas exhibit divergent myofibroblastic and possibly perineurial differentiation. The CDK4, MDM2, and p16 expression in the whorls suggests that they share a similar genetic background to well-differentiated and dedifferentiated liposarcoma, and that additional genetic events are causal to their distinct morphology.The American journal of surgical pathology 03/2011; 35(3):356-63. DOI:10.1097/PAS.0b013e31820832c1 · 4.59 Impact Factor