Article

The telltale voice: Nonverbal messages of verbal communication.

ABSTRACT distinguishes between vocal cues that impart meaning to the verbal message, those that regulate the flow of verbal interaction between the participants, and those that are expressive of the speaker's background, his or her affective states, his or her attitudes and feelings toward the person being addressed, and of speech production and information processing / it is this third category of vocal cues with which the chapter is most concerned

the second part is an historical and critical review of "personality and speech" research

the third part of the chapter deals extensively with the effects of anxiety, and . . . with the effects of depression, anger, and hostility, on some vocal parameters of speech

the fourth part summarizes studies about how the relationship between two or more communicants is expressed in the vocal channel

in the fifth and last part, Siegman cites numerous studies that demonstrate that most . . . of the vocal indices . . . that have been identified as vocal correlates of affective experiences, are also affected by speech production and other cognitive processes (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

0 Bookmarks
 · 
128 Views
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: We tested whether power reduces responses related to social stress and thus increases performance evaluation in social evaluation situations. We hypothesized and found that thinking about having power reduced fear of negative evaluation and physiological arousal during a self-presentation task (Studies 1 and 2). In Study 2, we also showed that simply thinking about having power made individuals perform better in a social evaluation situation. Our results confirmed our hypotheses that the mechanism explaining this power–performance link was that high power participants felt less fear of negative evaluation. The reduced fear of negative evaluation generated fewer signs of behavioral nervousness, which caused their performance to be evaluated more positively (serial mediation). Simply thinking of having power can therefore have important positive consequences for a person in an evaluation situation in terms of how he or she feels and how he or she is evaluated. Copyright © 2013 John Wiley & Sons, Ltd.
    European Journal of Social Psychology 01/2013; · 1.78 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Discomfort during interracial interactions is common among Whites in the U.S. and is linked to avoidance of interracial encounters. While the negative consequences of interracial discomfort are well-documented, understanding of its causes is still incomplete. Alcohol consumption has been shown to decrease negative emotions caused by self-presentational concern but increase negative emotions associated with racial prejudice. Using novel behavioral-expressive measures of emotion, we examined the impact of alcohol on displays of discomfort among 92 White individuals interacting in all-White or interracial groups. We used the Facial Action Coding System and comprehensive content-free speech analyses to examine affective and behavioral dynamics during these 36-min exchanges (7.9 million frames of video data). Among Whites consuming nonalcoholic beverages, those assigned to interracial groups evidenced more facial and speech displays of discomfort than those in all-White groups. In contrast, among intoxicated Whites there were no differences in displays of discomfort between interracial and all-White groups. Results highlight the central role of self-presentational concerns in interracial discomfort and offer new directions for applying theory and methods from emotion science to the examination of intergroup relations. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2013 APA, all rights reserved).
    Emotion 01/2013; · 3.88 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Conversation is an essential component of social behavior, one of the primary means by which humans express intentions, beliefs, emotions, attitudes and personality. Thus the development of systems to support natural conversational interaction has been a long term research goal. In natural conversation, humans adapt to one another across many levels of utterance production via processes variously described as linguistic style matching, entrainment, alignment, audience design, and accommodation. A number of recent studies strongly suggest that dialogue systems that adapted to the user in a similar way would be more effective. However, a major research challenge in this area is the ability to dynamically generate user-adaptive utterance variations. As part of a personality-based user adaptation framework, this article describes personage, a highly parameterizable generator which provides a large number of parameters to support adaptation to a user’s linguistic style. We show how we can systematically apply results from psycholinguistic studies that document the linguistic reflexes of personality, in order to develop models to control personage’s parameters, and produce utterances matching particular personality profiles. When we evaluate these outputs with human judges, the results indicate that humans perceive the personality of system utterances in the way that the system intended.
    User Modeling and User-Adapted Interaction 01/2010; 20:227-278. · 1.60 Impact Factor