Article

Ethical and professional conflicts in correctional psychology.

Professional Psychology Research and Practice (Impact Factor: 1.34). 04/1994; 25(2):161-167. DOI: 10.1037/0735-7028.25.2.161

ABSTRACT The role of the mental health professional in a prison setting has changed to reflect the prevailing ideology of the correctional administration that deemphasizes treatment and emphasizes security and custodial concerns. As a consequence, mental health professionals who work in corrections have experienced unique ethical and professional conflicts. Standards were developed to address the conflicts and provide guidelines for professional conduct, but dilemmas continue to exist. The authors indicate this can be attributed to (1) the standards being vague and (2) correctional personnel not understanding or supporting the standards or the psychologist's role as a mental health professional. This article examines these propositions in more detail, using vignettes and discussion, and offers other approaches to resolving the dilemmas and improving the delivery of mental health services to incarcerated individuals. (PsycINFO Database Record (c) 2012 APA, all rights reserved)

Full-text

Available from: Linda Weinberger, Jan 09, 2015
8 Followers
 · 
697 Views
  • Source
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In this final article, we note how the expertise paradigm has allowed us to assess the psychological processes involved in experienced decision-making in a relatively precise and micro-analytical way, in both deviant and non deviant contexts. We note that expert decision-making involves the increasingly fast and automatic recognition, over time and repeated exposure, of environmental cues relevant to a domain of expertise. In turn, these cues trigger a range of routine and habitual behavioral scripts, rapidly and unconsciously chosen from mental schemas rich with information about what has worked in the past, and which is responsive to changing environments. All of the reviews in this special issue have found evidence suggesting that these processes are at work in the mind of the offender within the crime facilitative environments. We note the continuum of expertise in offenders redolent of expertise in general, and highlight the idea of encouraging offenders to use expertise related skills such as enhanced problem solving, in pro-social ways. We note the significant gaps in knowledge that this issue has illuminated in relation to practice, consciousness and individual differences, and suggest that research using simulations may make a considerable contribution to understanding offending behavior.
    Aggression and Violent Behavior 01/2015; 20:92-93. DOI:10.1016/j.avb.2014.12.009 · 1.95 Impact Factor
  • Source