Primary mucinous tumors of the female genital tract have morphologic features similar to primary gastrointestinal adenocarcinomas, and distinguishing these malignancies may be extremely difficult. The purpose of this study was to characterize the immunostaining patterns of tumors of the female genital tract that show mucinous differentiation using cytokeratin 7 (CK7), CK20, and CDX2 and to evaluate the usefulness of these markers in differentiating these tumors from gastrointestinal tract adenocarcinomas and also from each other. A total of 64 cases were collected, including adenocarcinomas of the ovary (n=13), endocervix (n=16), endometrium (n=34), and vagina (n=1), all of which showed predominant mucinous differentiation. Intestinal mucinous differentiation was present in 11 of the cases (6 endocervical, 4 ovarian, and 1 vaginal adenocarcinoma). All tumors were at least focally positive for CK7 with the exception of 3 cases. The majority of tumors were negative for CK20 and CDX2. However, 25% of endocervical, 24% of ovarian, and 3% of endometrial adenocarcinomas were positive for CDX2, CK20, or both. The positivity for CDX2 and CK20 correlated with intestinal differentiation: 73% of all intestinal mucinous adenocarcinomas and 4% of all Müllerian mucinous adenocarcinomas showed positivity for the hindgut markers. In 70% of the tumors positive for CK20/CDX2, the intensity of CK7 stain was stronger than the intensity of either CK20 or CDX2 stain. In conclusion, immunostaining for CK7/CK20/CDX2 is helpful in distinguishing Müllerian subtype of mucinous gynecologic tumors from lower gastrointestinal tract malignancies. In gynecologic mucinous tumors with intestinal differentiation, the overlap of staining positivity may be a limiting factor. However, a dominant CK7 staining pattern was observed.
"Intestinal-type metaplasia is more common within the endocervix, with reports of cases in non-neoplastic and endocervical adenocarcinoma [1,10]. Intestinal metaplasia in the endocervix is associated with both adenocarcinoma in-situ and endocervical adenocarcinoma and the presence of intestinal-type cells on cervical biopsy warrants further workup. "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: Intestinal differentiation in the endometrium is rare with only case reports in the international literature. We describe a case of simultaneous endocervical and intestinal-type mucinous differentiation with goblet cells arising in a FIGO grade 1 endometrioid adenocarcinoma. The patient had no involvement of the myometrium, cervix, or extra-uterine sites. There were no intestinal metaplastic changes of the endocervical canal. The etiology of this change is unknown, although recent reports suggest an association with hyperestrogenism.
The virtual slides for this article can be found here: http://www.diagnosticpathology.diagnomx.eu/vs/1209512176931698
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