Article

Complete transection of epicardial pacing lead during pregnancy.

Department of Cardiology, Division of Pacing and Electrophysiology, Istanbul University, Institute of Cardiology, Haseki-Fatih, Istanbul, Turkey.
Europace (Impact Factor: 2.77). 10/2008; 10(12):1450-1. DOI: 10.1093/europace/eun247
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Herein, we presented a case of pregnancy associated complete transection of epicardial pacing lead.

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    ABSTRACT: Epicardial pacemaker leads placed during childhood are often not removed when transvenous systems are placed later in life. The risk of complications related to retained pacemaker leads and generators is not clear but is generally considered low. We report the case of a 23-year-old pregnant woman who presented with left upper quadrant pain at 20 weeks gestation. The patient was born with {S,L,L} transposition of the great arteries and had high-grade conduction disease in infancy compelling epicardial pacemaker placement. A standard transvenous pacemaker was placed at age 9 years, without removal of the epicardial system. The patient's abdominal pain was attributed to herniation of abdominal contents through a diaphragmatic defect at the site of the abandoned epicardial pacing wire. Her pain improved spontaneously but worsened later in pregnancy leading to repair of the diaphragmatic hernia via anterolateral thoracotomy at 30 weeks gestation. The procedure was well tolerated by mother and fetus. At 38 3/7 weeks gestation, the patient underwent uneventful delivery by cesarean section for breech presentation. This case illustrates the importance of multidisciplinary collaboration in the care of women with congenital heart disease.
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