In this article, we describe recent trends in the age of patients receiving orthodontic services and look at how expenditures for these services are related to patient age and income level.
These findings are based on 3 national health expenditure surveys sponsored by the Agency for Healthcare Policy and Research conducted in 1987, 1996, and 2004.
Recent increases in the number of patients receiving orthodontic services were largely due to an increase in the overall population. There has been a shift in the age distribution of patients receiving such services. Children 8 to 18 made up a greater percentage of all patients receiving orthodontic services, but there were fewer adult patients aged 19 years and older.
Children 8 to 18 years old made up a larger percentage of patients who received orthodontic services in 2004 compared with 1996 and 1987. The percentage of total dental expenditures of children 8 to 18 for orthodontic services might increase in the future because of less need for restorative services among this segment of the population.
"Correction of malocclusion makes it possible to improve their periodontal health and psychosocial status . It was shown in the Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS) that orthodontic visits by adults were 23.1% of all orthodontic visits . This was also demonstrated in the fifth study of orthodontic and treatment procedures in 2008 that the percentage of adult active patients was about 20% of the total patients being treated in orthodontic offices in the United States . "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: THIS PAPER ILLUSTRATES THE COMBINED NONEXTRACTION ORTHODONTIC TREATMENT WITH THE CORTICOTOMY TECHNIQUE IN AN ADULT PATIENT (AGE: 25 years and 3 months) with severely crowded arches to accelerate tooth movement and shorten the treatment time. Both her upper lateral incisors were congenitally absent and both upper central incisors' roots were short. Initial fixed orthodontic appliances (bidimensional) were bonded and one week later buccal and lingual corticotomy with alveolar augmentation procedure in the maxilla and mandible was performed. Orthodontic activation to level and align and unravel the crowding was performed every two weeks. The total treatment time was 8 months with no adverse effects observed at the end of active treatment. The addition of the decortication procedure to the conventional orthodontic therapy decreased the duration of treatment significantly. Successful alignment of both arches with ideal overbite and overjet as well as adequate occlusion was achieved.
"Currently many adult patients seek orthodontic treatment for their malocclusions. In a recent Medical Expenditure Panel Survey (MEPS), adults accounted for 23.1% of all orthodontic visits in 2004 (Guay et al., 2008). The percentage of adult active patients was reported to be around 20% of the total patients being treated in the orthodontic offices in the United States (Keim et al., 2008). "
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: This case report illustrates the orthodontic treatment combined with the corticotomy technique in an adult patient to accelerate tooth movement and shorten the treatment time. The patient was a 22-year-old woman with an anterior open bite and flared and spaced upper and lower incisors. First, fixed orthodontic appliances (bidimensional edgewise brackets) were bonded, and a week later buccal and lingual corticotomy with alveolar augmentation procedure in the maxillary arch from the first molar to the contralateral first molar, and from canine to canine in the mandibular arch was performed. Orthodontic therapy proceeded with frequent activation of the appliances to retract the incisors every 2 weeks. The total treatment time was 5 months and no adverse effects were observed at the end of active treatment. The addition of the decortication procedure to the conventional orthodontic therapy decreased the duration of treatment significantly. Successful closure of the anterior open bite with adequate overbite and interdigitation of the teeth were achieved.
Saudi Dental Journal 04/2011; 23(2):99-106. DOI:10.1016/j.sdentj.2010.10.005
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: The authors offer strategies for controlling document quality.
They define error in a way that is broadly applicable and useful. That
is, they classify errors relative to their potential effect on
documents, and identify the writing, editing, or production tasks that
serve to detect errors of each class. They describe how these
considerations apply in establishing priorities for document
specifications, schedules, and budgets, and in evaluating products
Professional Communication Conference, 1988. IPCC '88 Conference Record. On the Edge: A Pacific Rim Conference on Professional Technical Communication., International; 11/1988
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