Quality initiatives* radiation risk: what you should know to tell your patient.
ABSTRACT The steady increase in the number of radiologic procedures being performed is undeniably having a beneficial impact on healthcare. However, it is also becoming common practice to quantify the health detriment from radiation exposure by calculating the number of cancer-related deaths inferred from the effective dose delivered to a given patient population. The inference of a certain number of expected deaths from the effective dose is to be discouraged, but it remains important as a means of raising professional awareness of the danger associated with ionizing radiation. The risk associated with a radiologic examination appears to be rather low compared with the natural risk. However, any added risk, no matter how small, is unacceptable if it does not benefit the patient. The concept of diagnostic reference levels should be used to reduce variations in practice among institutions and to promote optimal dose indicator ranges for specific imaging protocols. In general, the basic principles of radiation protection (eg, justification and optimization of a procedure) need to be respected to help counteract the unjustified explosion in the number of procedures being performed.
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ABSTRACT: The entity of crossed pulmonary arteries was first described by Jue, Lockman, and Edwards in 1966, in a patient with trisomy 18. Since then, several series have been described, both in terms of the isolated anatomic variant, or its association with other intracardiac or extracardiac anomalies. We describe a rare association that has previously not been reported. Methods and results Institutional Review Board approval for a retrospective chart review was obtained. Over the period 2011 through 2013, we have encountered six patients in whom the crossed origins of the pulmonary arteries from the pulmonary trunk were associated with hypoplasia of the transverse aortic arch, an association that, to the best of our knowledge, has previously not been reported. In all of the patients, the isthmic component of the aortic arch was inserted in an end-to-side manner into the ductal arch, with additional discrete coarctation in half of the patients.Cardiology in the Young 06/2014; · 0.95 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The aim of this study was to assess the patient dosimetric impact of endovascular abdominal aortic aneurysm repair (EVAR), both in an operating theatre (OR) and in an angiosuite (AS), with the facility of Dynamic CT (Dyna CT, Siemens AG, Berlin, Germany). One hundred and forty-six consecutive EVAR procedures dating from May 2011 to March 2013 were analysed. These were performed either in an OR (n = 97) using a mobile C-arm or in an AS (n = 49) equipped with a ceiling-mounted angiography system. Air kerma area product (PKA) and total air kerma at reference point (Ka,r) values were reported for all procedures and Dyna CT. Radiation exposure during EVAR was quite low in the majority of patients but nearly 50 % higher if performed in AS vs. OR. Median Dyna CT Ka,r was the same as an entire EVAR procedure in OR. The higher patient's radiation exposure recorded in the AS should be balanced with the technical advantages given to the EVAR procedure.Radiation Protection Dosimetry 07/2014; · 0.91 Impact Factor
- Journal des Maladies Vasculaires 06/2014; · 0.24 Impact Factor