Examining the value of electronic health records on labor and delivery
ABSTRACT The objective of the study was to evaluate the impact of an electronic health record (EHR) on documentation completeness and patient care in a labor and delivery unit.
We conducted a pre- and postintervention study to compare documentation quality and workflow before and after EHR implementation. Documentation was compared using chi(2) and Fisher's exact tests. Objective observers measured workflow activities across all shifts before and after EHR implementation and activities were compared using Kruskal-Wallis tests and analysis of covariance.
Paper admission records were significantly more likely to miss key clinical information such as chief complaints (contractions, membrane status, bleeding, fetal movement, 10-64% vs 2-5%; P < .0001) and prenatal laboratory results and history (Varicella, group B Streptococcus, human immunodeficiency virus, 26-66% vs 1-16%, P < .0001). Both direct patient care and computer activities increased after EHR implementation (2 vs 12 and 12 vs 17 activities/shift, respectively, P < .0001).
The introduction of an obstetric EHR improved documentation completeness without reducing direct patient care.
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ABSTRACT: This Time and Motion study was part of a larger Open Source Development Project to evaluate the use of Tablet computers for collecting patient data in rural clinics in the OR Tambo District, Eastern Cape, South Africa. The intention was to determine if there were any differences in the activities and workloads between the two methods of data capture. The main difference between the Phases was that the number of activities undertaken per patient decreased in the second phase. More time was spent on each activity.Studies in health technology and informatics 01/2015; 210:803-7.
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ABSTRACT: Continuity of care during labour is important for women. Women with an intrapartum referral from primary to secondary care look back more negatively on their birh experience compared to those who are not referred. It is not clear which aspects of care contribute to this negative birth experience. This study aimed to explore in-depth the experiences of women who were referred during labour from primary to secondary care with regard to the different aspects of continuity of care. A qualitative interview study was conducted in the Netherlands among women who were in primary care at the onset of labour and were referred to secondary care before the baby was born. Through purposive sampling 27 women were selected. Of these, nine women planned their birth at home, two in an alongside midwifery unit and 16 in hospital. Thematic analysis was used. Continuity of care was a very important issue for women because it contributed to their feeling of safety during labour. Important details were sometimes not handed over between professionals within and between primary and secondary care, in particular about women's personal preferences. In case of referral of care from primary to secondary care, it was important for women that midwives handed over the care in person and stayed until they felt safe with the hospital team. Personal continuity of care, in which case the midwife stayed until the end of labour, was highly appreciated but not always expected.Fear of transportion during or after labour was a reason for women to choose hospital birth but also to opt for home birth. Choice of place of birth emerged as a fluid concept; most women planned their place of birth during pregnancy and were aware that they would spend some time at home and possibly some time in hospital. In case of referral from primary to secondary care during labour, midwives should hand over their care in person and preferrably stay with women throughout labour. Planned place of birth should be regarded as a fluid concept rather than a dichotomous choice.BMC Pregnancy and Childbirth 03/2014; 14(1):103. DOI:10.1186/1471-2393-14-103 · 2.15 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Implementation of electronic health records (EHRs) has historically been lower among obstetrician-gynecologists (ob-gyns) than many physician groups. This study described ob-gyns' adoption and use of EHR systems in practice, as well as barriers and benefits to implementation. Surveys asking about the physicians' use of EHR, satisfaction with systems, and what features they found most or least helpful were mailed to 1,200 ob-gyns. An overall response rate of 57.4% was achieved, with 559 returning completed surveys. Over three-quarters of responders reported that they used an EHR system or planned to implement one. Physicians without EHR tended to be older, were more likely to be male, have a solo practice, and describe themselves as Asian/Pacific Islander. Over 63% of those physicians who use EHR reported being satisfied with their system, while 30.8% were not satisfied. Ob-gyns who reported satisfaction had a younger mean age (M = 52.98, SD = 8.87) than those not satisfied (M = 56.30, SD = 8.59; p = .002). Use of EHR systems among ob-gyns has increased in recent years and overall satisfaction with these systems is high. In spite of this, barriers to implementation are still present and increased outreach to certain groups of ob-gyns, including older practitioners and those in solo practices, is needed.Journal for Healthcare Quality 04/2014; DOI:10.1111/jhq.12072