A superhydrophobic material prepared by precipitating calcium phosphate on TiO2 films under in vitro conditions is described. Crystalline calcium phosphate is very porous with octacalcium phosphate as the main phase. The films are made hydrophobic by the surface grafting of a perfluorophosphate surfactant (Zonyl FSE). The as-prepared coatings were strongly hydrophobic, with advancing contact angles exceeding 165 degrees and receding angles exceeding 150 degrees . The formation of the calcium phosphate layer is self-organizing, and the coating is easily functionalized. The material was characterized with dynamic contact angle measurements, SEM, XRD, and XPS. The strong water repellency is explained by the open porous morphology of the calcium phosphate coating together with the successful attachment of the hydrophobic function.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: A novel superhydrophobic alumina surface is fabricated by grafting stearic acid layer onto the porous and roughened aluminum film. The chemical and phase structure, morphology, and the chemical state of the atoms at the superhydrophobic surface were investigated by techniques as FTIR, XRD, FE-SEM, and XPS, respectively. Results show that a super water-repellent surface with a contact angle of 154.2° is generated. The superhydrophobic alumina surface takes on an uneven flowerlike structure with many nanometer-scale hollows distribute in the nipple-shaped protrusions, and which is composed of boehmite crystal and γ-Al2O3. Furthermore, the roughened and porous alumina surface is coated with a layer of hydrophobic alkyl chains which come from stearic acid molecules. Therefore, both the roughened structure and the hydrophobic layer endue the alumina surface with the superhydrophobic behavior.
[Show abstract][Hide abstract] ABSTRACT: With the objective of developing materials with repellent surfaces by combining both low surface energy and rough structure, superhydrophobic fluoropolymer films were prepared via surface graft polymerisation from copper substrates. A vinyl-terminated trimethoxysilane was firstly immobilised on the etched-copper surface to introduce active carbon–carbon double bonds. Subsequent graft polymerisation of 2,2,3,4,4,4-hexafluorobutyl acrylate (HFBA), in the presence of a polymerisation initiator 4,4′-azobis-(4-cyanpentanoic acid), yielded the fluoropolymer films on the copper substrates. The resultant P(HFBA)-grafted surfaces not only exhibited desired superhydrophobic property with water contact angle above 150°, but substantially improved the corrosion resistance of copper substrates.
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