Pleomorphic lobular carcinoma in situ (PLCIS) on breast core needle biopsies: clinical significance and immunoprofile.

Department of Pathology, Magee-Women's Hospital, University of Pittsburgh Medical Center, Pittsburgh, PA 15213, USA.
The American journal of surgical pathology (Impact Factor: 4.59). 09/2008; 32(11):1721-6. DOI: 10.1097/PAS.0b013e31817dc3a6
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Pleomorphic lobular carcinoma in situ (PLCIS) is a more recently characterized entity that mimics high-grade ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS). PLCIS is sometimes treated similar to high-grade DCIS, but no consensus has been reached for the most appropriate treatment. The aim of this study is to evaluate the histologic and immunohistologic profile of pure PLCIS on core needle biopsies and present follow-up clinical data. We reviewed 12 cases of pure PLCIS diagnosed on core needle biopsies of the breast along with subsequent surgical resections. Histologically, all cases showed dyscohesive cells with grade 3 nuclei, prominent nucleoli, and moderate to abundant eosinophilic cytoplasm. A panel of immunohistochemical stains to study this entity included E-cadherin, P120 catenin, estrogen receptor, progesterone receptors, HER2/neu, and Ki-67 (MIB-1). Residual PLCIS was found on excisional biopsies in 83% (10/12) cases. Invasive lobular carcinoma was found in 25% (3/12) cases. The lobular nature of all cases was confirmed by negative E-cadherin and cytoplasmic-dominant staining with P120 catenin. PLCIS was positive for estrogen receptor in 92% (11/12); progesterone receptor in 50% (6/12), and Her2/neu was positive in 25% (3/12). A moderate to high proliferation activity was observed with MIB (Ki-67) staining in 92% (11/12) cases. We conclude that PLCIS has a lobular immunostaining pattern for P120 catenin and E-cadherin indicating disruption of the E-cadherin/P120 catenin complex. This entity has aggressive parameters similar to high-grade DCIS including grade 3 nuclei, high Ki-67 (MIB-1) index, and HER2/neu positivity. PLCIS has a significant association with other high-risk lesions and invasive lobular carcinoma.

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    ABSTRACT: The clinical significance of pleomorphic lobular carcinoma in situ (PLCIS) is a subject of controversy. As a consequence, there is a risk of providing inconsistent management to patients presenting with PLCIS. This review aims to establish whether the current guidelines for the management of PLCIS are consistent with current evidence. A systematic electronic search was performed to identify all English language articles regarding PLCIS management. The data was analysed, specifically looking at: incidence of concurrent disease, recurrence rates, long-term prognosis and PLCIS management. A search was also performed for PLCIS management guidelines for the United Kingdom, United States, Canada, Australia, Germany and pan-European. The results of the evidence analyses were compared to the guidelines in order to establish whether the recommended management is consistent with the published evidence. Nine studies (level 3-4 evidence), involving a total of 176 patients and five management guidelines (from United Kingdom, United States, Australia and pan-European) were included in the review. From the evidence, 46 of 93 (49%) patients were found to have PLCIS with concurrent invasive disease on excision specimen analysis. Regarding recurrence rates, 11 of 117 (9.4%) patients developed a recurrence of PLCIS. There were no instances of invasive disease or ductal carcinoma in situ (DCIS) on recurrence histology. There were no studies assessing long-term outcomes in PLCIS cases. With regards to the management guidelines, the Association of Breast Surgery (United Kingdom) and the National Breast and Ovarian Cancer Care (Australia) do not mention PLCIS. The National Comprehensive Cancer Network (United States) suggest considering excision of PLCIS with negative margins. The NHS Breast Screening Programme (United Kingdom) and the European Society of Medical Oncology (pan-European) recommend PLCIS should be treated as with DCIS. We conclude that high quality evidence to inform guidance is lacking, thus recommendations are relatively vague. However, based on the available evidence, it would seem prudent to treat PLCIS in a similar manner to DCIS.
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