Article

Rapid deletional peripheral CD8 T cell tolerance induced by allogeneic bone marrow: role of donor class II MHC and B cells.

Transplantation Biology Research Center, Massachusetts General Hospital/Harvard Medical School, Boston, MA 02129, USA.
The Journal of Immunology (Impact Factor: 5.36). 10/2008; 181(6):4371-80. DOI: 10.4049/jimmunol.181.6.4371
Source: PubMed

ABSTRACT Mixed chimerism and donor-specific tolerance are achieved in mice receiving 3 Gy of total body irradiation and anti-CD154 mAb followed by allogeneic bone marrow (BM) transplantation. In this model, recipient CD4 cells are critically important for CD8 tolerance. To evaluate the role of CD4 cells recognizing donor MHC class II directly, we used class II-deficient donor marrow and were not able to achieve chimerism unless recipient CD8 cells were depleted, indicating that directly alloreactive CD4 cells were necessary for CD8 tolerance. To identify the MHC class II(+) donor cells promoting this tolerance, we used donor BM lacking certain cell populations or used positively selected cell populations. Neither donor CD11c(+) dendritic cells, B cells, T cells, nor donor-derived IL-10 were critical for chimerism induction. Purified donor B cells induced early chimerism and donor-specific cell-mediated lympholysis tolerance in both strain combinations tested. In contrast, positively selected CD11b(+) monocytes/myeloid cells did not induce early chimerism in either strain combination. Donor cell preparations containing B cells were able to induce early deletion of donor-reactive TCR-transgenic 2C CD8 T cells, whereas those devoid of B cells had reduced activity. Thus, induction of stable mixed chimerism depends on the expression of MHC class II on the donor marrow, but no requisite donor cell lineage was identified. Donor BM-derived B cells induced early chimerism, donor-specific cell-mediated lympholysis tolerance, and deletion of donor-reactive CD8 T cells, whereas CD11b(+) cells did not. Thus, BM-derived B cells are potent tolerogenic APCs for alloreactive CD8 cells.

0 Bookmarks
 · 
71 Views
  • [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: In transplantation, the contribution of B cells to the rejection or acceptance of the allograft is a topic of major interest. The presence of donor-specific antibodies in transplant recipients is often associated with decreased graft function and rejection, clearly indicating a pathogenetic role of B cells in transplantation. However, data from studies in humans and rodents suggest that under certain conditions, B cells have the capacity to control or regulate the immune response to a transplanted organ. Although a great deal of attention has been focused on B cells in human and murine models of autoimmunity, our understanding of the role of these cells in transplantation is limited at present. Indeed, results in this setting are controversial and seem to depend on the model system used or the clinical situation studied. Here, we review the current understanding of the various phenotypes and roles that have been associated with immune-regulating B cells. We also discuss the mechanisms employed by subsets of these regulatory B cells to control the immune response in transplant recipients and in animal models of transplantation.
    Nature Reviews Nephrology 05/2014; · 7.94 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Organ transplantation results in the activation of both innate and adaptive immune responses to the foreign antigens. While these responses can be limited with the use of systemic immunosuppressants, the induction of regulatory cell populations may be a novel strategy for the maintenance of specific immunological unresponsiveness that can reduce the severity of the detrimental side effects of current therapies. Our group has extensively researched different regulatory T-cell induction protocols for use as cellular therapy in transplantation. In this review, we address the cellular and molecular mechanisms behind regulatory T-cell suppression and their stability following induction protocols. We further discuss the use of different hematopoietically derived regulatory cell populations, including regulatory B cells, regulatory macrophages, tolerogenic dendritic cells, and myeloid-derived suppressor cells, for the induction of transplantation tolerance in light of new clinical trials developing therapies with some of these populations.
    Immunological Reviews 03/2014; 258(1):102-16. · 12.91 Impact Factor
  • Source
    [Show abstract] [Hide abstract]
    ABSTRACT: Manipulation of the immune system to prevent the development of a specific immune response is an ideal strategy to improve outcomes after transplantation. A number of experimental techniques exploiting central and peripheral tolerance mechanisms have demonstrated success, leading to the first early phase clinical trials for tolerance induction. The first major strategy centers on the facilitation of donor-cell mixed chimerism in the transplant recipient with the use of bone marrow or hematopoietic stem cell transplantation. The second strategy, utilizing peripheral regulatory mechanisms, focuses on cellular therapy with regulatory T cells. This review examines the key studies and novel research directions in the field of immunological tolerance.
    Frontiers in Immunology 01/2012; 3:254.

Full-text (2 Sources)

Download
18 Downloads
Available from
May 17, 2014