Indirect immunofluorescence as a diagnostic tool for parvovirus infection of broiler chickens.
ABSTRACT Nuclear fluorescence was seen in the epithelial cells of the duodenum of broiler chicks infected experimentally at 1-day-old with a parvovirus of chicken origin. No antigenic relationship was detected by this method between chicken and goose parvoviruses.
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ABSTRACT: Cerebellar hypoplasia and hydrocephalus were identified in day old broiler chickens showing nervous signs, impaired mobility, and diarrhea. At postmortem examination, brains of chickens were misshapen and cerebellums were smaller than normal. Microscopically, cerebellar folia were reduced in size and irregularly shaped, and the ventricles were widely distended. Affected cerebellums had focal areas along the base of folia where the internal granular cell layer had been lost, and Purkinje cells were disorganized and located within the molecular layer. Parvovirus DNA was detected by polymerase chain reaction in three of nine brains with oligonucleotide primers designed for amplification of chicken and turkey parvoviruses. On the basis of phylogenetic analyses, the detected virus was most closely related to chicken parvoviruses. These findings suggest that a chicken parvovirus might cause a neurologic disease of young chickens characterized by cerebellar hypoplasia and hydrocephalus; however, its role as the cause of the disease remains to be confirmed.Avian Diseases 03/2010; 54(1):156-60. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: The major enteric disease (ED) complex in broiler chickens is runting-stunting syndrome and in turkey broilers is poult enteritis mortality syndrome. Viruses from numerous families have been identified in the intestinal tracts of poultry with ED, such as Astroviridae, Coronaviridae, Reoviridae, Rotaviridae, and Parvoviridae. The objective of the present study was to directly demonstrate the presence of the scarcely known chicken parvovirus (ChPV) and turkey parvovirus (TuPV) in Hungarian flocks experiencing clinical signs of ED. ChPV and TuPV infection were demonstrated in 15 chicken flocks and two turkey flocks, in intestinal samples collected between 2008 and 2010. The histopathological investigation revealed enteritis in the duodenum and jejunum, and atrophy of the lymphoid organs. Indirect immunohistochemistry (IHC) suggested the intestinal epithelium of chickens and turkeys as a potential replication site of the virus, similarly to other parvoviruses, while in case of the turkey samples IHC positivity was also observed in the bursa of Fabricius, liver and pancreas. However, no direct connection could be established between the presence of the pathogen in the above-mentioned tissues and the histopathological changes observed in the investigated flocks. The phylogenetic analysis performed on the partial nucleic acid sequence of the NS1 gene revealed an evident clustering tendency of the ChPV and TuPV strains, but also highlighted the potential reciprocal role of these two species in the epidemiology of these viruses. The role of the ChPV and TuPV in the ED is far from understood, but the results of the present study emphasize the fact that in certain, still not fully elucidated conditions, ChPV and TuPV may participate in the emergence of ED in chicken flocks, as suggested by previous experimental infections.Avian Pathology 04/2011; 40(2):191-7. · 1.73 Impact Factor
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ABSTRACT: Meleagrid herpesvirus type 1 (MeHV-1) is an ideal vector for the expression of antigens from pathogenic avian organisms in order to generate vaccines. Chicken parvovirus (ChPV) is a widespread infectious virus that causes serious disease in chickens. It is one of the etiological agents largely suspected in causing Runting Stunting Syndrome (RSS) in chickens. Initial attempts to express the wild-type gene encoding the capsid protein VP2 of ChPV by insertion into the thymidine kinase gene of MeHV-1 were unsuccessful. However, transient expression of a codon-optimized synthetic VP2 gene cloned into the bicistronic vector pIRES2-Ds-Red2, could be demonstrated by immunocytochemical staining of transfected chicken embryo fibroblasts (CEFs). Red fluorescence could also be detected in these transfected cells since the red fluorescent protein gene is downstream from the internal ribosome entry site (IRES). Strikingly, fluorescence could not be demonstrated in cells transiently transfected with the bicistronic vector containing the wild-type or non-codon-optimized VP2 gene. Immunocytochemical staining of these cells also failed to demonstrate expression of wild-type VP2, indicating that the lack of expression was at the RNA level and the VP2 protein was not toxic to CEFs. Chickens vaccinated with a DNA vaccine consisting of the bicistronic vector containing the codon-optimized VP2 elicited a humoral immune response as measured by a VP2-specific ELISA. This VP2 codon-optimized bicistronic cassette was rescued into the MeHV-1 genome generating a vectored vaccine against ChPV disease.Virus Genes 07/2013; · 1.77 Impact Factor